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Clinical Decision Making

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Publications

Bannuru RR, McAlindon TE, Sullivan MC, Wong JB, Kent DM, Schmid CH. Effectiveness and Implications of Alternative Placebo Treatments: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis of Osteoarthritis Trials. Annals of Internal Medicine 2015;163:365-72.

Bannuru RR, Schmid CH, Kent DM, Vaysbrot EE, Wong JB, McAlindon TE. Comparative effectiveness of pharmacologic interventions for knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. Annals of Internal Medicine 2015;162:46-54.

Djulbegovic B, van den Ende J, Hamm RM, et al. When is rational to order a diagnostic test, or prescribe treatment: the threshold model as an explanation of practice variation. European Journal of Clinical Investigation 2015;45:485-93.

Gooding HC, Rodday AM, Wong JB, et al. Application of Pediatric and Adult Guidelines for Treatment of Lipid Levels Among US Adolescents Transitioning to Young Adulthood. JAMA Pediatrics 2015;169:569-74.

Kassirer JP. Guns, society, and medicine. New England Journal of Medicine 2015;372:874-5.

Kelly MJ, Pauker SG, Parsons SK. Using nonrandomized studies to inform complex clinical decisions: the thorny issue of cranial radiation therapy for T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Pediatric Blood & Cancer 2015;62:790-7.

Mincarone P, Leo CG, Sabina S, et al. Evaluating reporting and process quality of publications on UNHS: a systematic review of programmes. BMC Pediatrics 2015;15:86.

Rich JD, McKenzie M, Larney S, et al. Methadone continuation versus forced withdrawal on incarceration in a combined US prison and jail: a randomised, open-label trial. Lancet 2015;386:350-9.

Sacks NC, Ash AS, Ghosh K, et al. Recent national trends in acute myocardial infarction hospitalizations in Medicare: shrinking declines and growing disparities. Epidemiology 2015;26:e46-7.

Sacks NC, Ash AS, Ghosh K, Rosen AK, Wong JB, Rosen AB. Trends in acute myocardial infarction hospitalizations: Are we seeing the whole picture? American Heart Journal 2015;170:1211-9.

Schroy PC, 3rd, Wong JB, O'Brien MJ, Chen CA, Griffith JL. A Risk Prediction Index for Advanced Colorectal Neoplasia at Screening Colonoscopy. American Journal of Gastroenterology 2015;110:1062-71.

Sheldrick RC, Leslie LK, Rodday AM, Parsons SK, Saunders TS, Wong JB. Variations in Physician Attitudes Regarding ADHD and Their Association With Prescribing Practices. Journal of Attention Disorders 2015;19:569-77.

Steinbrook R, Kassirer JP, Angell M. Justifying conflicts of interest in medical journals: a very bad idea. BMJ 2015;350:h2942.

Verghese A, Charlton B, Kassirer JP, Ramsey M, Ioannidis JP. Inadequacies of Physical Examination as a Cause of Medical Errors and Adverse Events: A Collection of Vignettes. American Journal of Medicine 2015;128:1322-4.e3.

Choi H, Hamberger MJ, Munger Clary H, et al. Seizure frequency and patient-centered outcome assessment in epilepsy. Epilepsia 2014;55:1205-12.

Concannon TW, Fuster M, Saunders T, et al. A systematic review of stakeholder engagement in comparative effectiveness and patient-centered outcomes research. J Gen Intern Med 2014;29:1692-701.

Han PK, Joekes K, Elwyn G, et al. Development and evaluation of a risk communication curriculum for medical students. Patient Educ Couns 2014;94:43-9.

Hunink M, Glasziou P, Pliskin J, Weinstein M, Wittenberg E, Drummond M, Wong JB. Decision Making in Health and Medicine, 2nd Ed., Cambridge University Press. 2014.

Kassirer JP. Arnold S. Relman, MD, 1923-2014. Am J Kidney Dis 2014;64:A15-6.

Kho AN, Hynes DM, Goel S, et al. CAPriCORN: Chicago Area Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Network. J Am Med Inform Assn 2014;21:607-11.

Multimodality Writing Group for Stable Ischemic Heart Disease, Wolk MJ, Bailey SR, et al. ACCF/AHA/ASE/ASNC/HFSA/HRS/SCAI/SCCT/SCMR/STS 2013 multimodality appropriate use criteria for the detection and risk assessment of stable ischemic heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Appropriate Use Criteria Task Force, American Heart Association, American Society of Echocardiography, American Society of Nuclear Cardiology, Heart Failure Society of America, Heart Rhythm Society, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography, Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons. J Card Fail 2014;20:65-90.

Pauker SG. Moments when utilities are functional. Med Decis Making 2014;34:4-7.

Pauker SG, Alseiari M. How big is big enough? Thinking about contralateral prophylactic mastectomy. J Natl Cancer I 2014;106.

Roman G, Wolk MJ, Bailey SR, et al. ACCF/AHA/ASE/ASNC/HFSA/HRS/SCAI/SCCT/SCMR/STS 2013 multimodality appropriate use criteria for the detection and risk assessment of stable ischemic heart disease: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Appropriate Use Criteria Task Force, American Heart Association, American Society of Echocardiography, American Society of Nuclear Cardiology, Heart Failure Society of America, Heart Rhythm Society, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography, Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons. J Nucl Cardiol 2014;21:192-220.

Rubin CL, Allukian N, Wang X, et al. "We make the path by walking it": building an academic community partnership with Boston Chinatown. Progn Community Health Partnersh 2014;8:353-63.

Smolen JS, Landewe R, Breedveld FC, et al. EULAR recommendations for the management of rheumatoid arthritis with synthetic and biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs: 2013 update. Ann Rheum Dis 2014;73:492-509.

Chan K, Lai MN, Groessl EJ, Hanchate AD, Wong JB, Clark JA, Asch SM, Gifford AL, Ho SB. Cost effectiveness of direct-acting antiviral therapy for treatment-naive patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 infection in the veterans health administration. Clinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology 2013;11(11):1503-10.

Shah S, Beck JR, Pauker SG. In memoriam: Robert Steven Ledley, DDS, MS (physics), 1926-2012. Medical Decision Making 2013;33(5):731-3.

Kassirer JP. Weapons of mass destruction. JAMA Internal Medicine 2013;173(3):182-3.

Pauker SG. Probability distributions: what's in a shape? Medical Decision Making 2013;33(2):133-5.

Veenstra DL, Piper M, Haddow JE, Pauker SG, Klein R, Richards CS, Tunis SR, Djulbegovic B, Marrone M, Lin JS, Berg AO, Calonge N. Improving the efficiency and relevance of evidence-based recommendations in the era of whole-genome sequencing: an EGAPP methods update. Genetics in Medicine 2013;15(1):14-24.

Kassirer JP, Milstein A. Our failure to curb excessive testing. Archives of Internal Medicine 2012;172(22):1751-3.

Davis CC, Claudius M, Palinkas LA, Wong JB, Leslie LK. Putting families in the center: family perspectives on decision making and ADHD and implications for ADHD care. Journal of Attention Disorders 2012;16(8):675-84.

Leslie LK, Rodday AM, Saunders TS, Cohen JT, Wong JB, Sheldrick RC, Parsons SK. Survey of United States child and adolescent psychiatrists' cardiac screening practices prior to starting patients on stimulants. Journal of Child & Adolescent Psychopharmacology 2012;22(5):375-84.

Patel MR, Bailey SR, Bonow RO, Chambers CE, Chan PS, Dehmer GJ, Kirtane AJ, Wann LS, Ward RP, Douglas PS, Altus P, Barnard DD, Blankenship JC, Casey DE, Jr., Dean LS, Fazel R, Gilchrist IC, Kavinsky CJ, Lakoski SG, Le DE, Lesser JR, Levine GN, Mehran R, Russo AM, Sorrentino MJ, Williams MR, Wong JB, Wolk MJ, Hendel RC, Kramer CM, Min JK, Shaw L, Stainback RF, Allen JM. ACCF/SCAI/AATS/AHA/ASE/ASNC/HFSA/HRS/SCCM/SCCT/SCMR/STS 2012 appropriate use criteria for diagnostic catheterization : American College of Cardiology Foundation Appropriate Use Criteria Task Force Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions American Association for Thoracic Surgery American Heart Association, American Society of Echocardiography American Society of Nuclear Cardiology Heart Failure Society of America Heart Rhythm Society, Society of Critical Care Medicine Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Catheterization & Cardiovascular Interventions 2012;80(3):E50-81.

Eddy DM, Hollingworth W, Caro JJ, Tsevat J, McDonald KM, Wong JB, Force I-SMGRPT. Model transparency and validation: a report of the ISPOR-SMDM Modeling Good Research Practices Task Force--7. Value in Health 2012;15(6):843-50.

Eddy DM, Hollingworth W, Caro JJ, Tsevat J, McDonald KM, Wong JB, Force I-SMGRPT. Model Transparency and Validation: A Report of the ISPOR-SMDM Modeling Good Research Practices Task Force-7. Value in Health 2012;15(6):843-50.

Schoels M, Aletaha D, Smolen JS, Wong JB. Comparative effectiveness and safety of biological treatment options after tumour necrosis factor inhibitor failure in rheumatoid arthritis: systematic review and indirect pairwise meta-analysis. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases 2012;71(8):1303-8.

Diagnostic Catheterization Writing G, Patel MR, Bailey SR, Bonow RO, Chambers CE, Chan PS, Dehmer GJ, Kirtane AJ, Samuel Wann L, Parker Ward R, Technical P, Douglas PS, Altus P, Barnard DD, Blankenship JC, Casey DE, Jr., Dean LS, Fazel R, Gilchrist IC, Kavinsky CJ, Lakoski SG, Le DE, Lesser JR, Levine GN, Mehran R, Russo AM, Sorrentino MJ, Williams MR, Wong JB, Appropriate Use Criteria Task F, Wolk MJ, Hendel RC, Kramer CM, Min JK, Shaw L, Stainback RF, Allen JM. ACCF/SCAI/AATS/AHA/ASE/ASNC/HFSA/HRS/SCCM/SCCT/SCMR/STS 2012 appropriate use criteria for diagnostic catheterization: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Appropriate Use Criteria Task Force, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, American Association for Thoracic Surgery, American Heart Association, American Society of Echocardiography, American Society of Nuclear Cardiology, Heart Failure Society of America, Heart Rhythm Society, Society of Critical Care Medicine, Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography, Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Journal of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery 2012;144(1):39-71.

Walsh MN, Bove AA, Cross RR, Ferdinand KC, Forman DE, Freeman AM, Hughes S, Klodas E, Koplan M, Lewis WR, MacDonnell B, May DC, Messer JV, Pressler SJ, Sanz ML, Spertus JA, Spinler SA, Teichholz LE, Wong JB, Byrd KD, American College of Cardiology Foundation. ACCF 2012 health policy statement on patient-centered care in cardiovascular medicine: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Clinical Quality Committee. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2012;59(23):2125-43.

Leslie LK, Cohen JT, Newburger JW, Alexander ME, Wong JB, Sherwin ED, Rodday AM, Parsons SK, Triedman JK. Costs and benefits of targeted screening for causes of sudden cardiac death in children and adolescents. Circulation 2012;125(21):2621-9.

Bonow RO, Ganiats TG, Beam CT, Blake K, Casey DE, Jr., Goodlin SJ, Grady KL, Hundley RF, Jessup M, Lynn TE, Masoudi FA, Nilasena D, Pina IL, Rockswold PD, Sadwin LB, Sikkema JD, Sincak CA, Spertus J, Torcson PJ, Torres E, Williams MV, Wong JB, American College of Cardiology F, American Heart Association Task Force on Performance M, American Medical Association-Physician Consortium for Performance I. ACCF/AHA/AMA-PCPI 2011 Performance Measures for Adults With Heart Failure: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures and the American Medical Association-Physician Consortium for Performance Improvement. Circulation 2012;125(19):2382-401.

American Academy of Family P, American Academy of H, Palliative M, American Nurses A, American Society of Health-System P, Heart Rhythm S, Society of Hospital M, Bonow RO, Ganiats TG, Beam CT, Blake K, Casey DE, Jr., Goodlin SJ, Grady KL, Hundley RF, Jessup M, Lynn TE, Masoudi FA, Nilasena D, Pina IL, Rockswold PD, Sadwin LB, Sikkema JD, Sincak CA, Spertus J, Torcson PJ, Torres E, Williams MV, Wong JB, Measures AATFoP, Peterson ED, DeLong E, Erwin JP, 3rd, Fonarow GC, Goff DC, Jr., Green LA, Heidenreich PA, Jenkins KJ, Loth A, Shahian DM. ACCF/AHA/AMA-PCPI 2011 performance measures for adults with heart failure: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures and the American Medical Association-Physician Consortium for Performance Improvement. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2012;59(20):1812-32.

Pauker SG, Goss FR. Using models to predict the future: what to do when the data run out? Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics 2012;91(5):769-71.

Rodday AM, Triedman JK, Alexander ME, Cohen JT, Ip S, Newburger JW, Parsons SK, Trikalinos TA, Wong JB, Leslie LK. Electrocardiogram screening for disorders that cause sudden cardiac death in asymptomatic children: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics 2012;129(4):e999-1010.

Falck-Ytter Y, Francis CW, Johanson NA, Curley C, Dahl OE, Schulman S, Ortel TL, Pauker SG, Colwell CW, Jr., American College of Chest P. Prevention of VTE in orthopedic surgery patients: Antithrombotic Therapy and Prevention of Thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines. Chest 2012;141(2 Suppl):e278S-325S.

Bates SM, Jaeschke R, Stevens SM, Goodacre S, Wells PS, Stevenson MD, Kearon C, Schunemann HJ, Crowther M, Pauker SG, Makdissi R, Guyatt GH, American College of Chest Physicians. Diagnosis of DVT: Antithrombotic Therapy and Prevention of Thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines. Chest 2012;141(2 Suppl):e351S-418S.

Leslie LK, Rodday AM, Saunders TS, Cohen JT, Wong JB, Parsons SK. Cardiac Screening Prior to Stimulant Treatment of ADHD: A Survey of US-Based Pediatricians. Pediatrics 2012;129(2):222-30.

Liem YS, Wong JB, Winkelmayer WC, Weimar W, Wetzels JFM, de Charro FT, Kaandorp GC, Stijnen T, Hunink MGM. Quantifying the benefit of early living-donor renal transplantation with a simulation model of the Dutch renal replacement therapy population. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 2012;27(1):429-34.

Djulbegovic B, Hozo I, Beckstead J, Tsalatsanis A, Pauker SG. Dual processing model of medical decision-making. BMC Medical Informatics & Decision Making 2012;12:94.

Choi H, Pargeon K, Bausell R, Wong JB, Mendiratta A, Bakken S. Temporal lobe epilepsy surgery: what do patients want to know? Epilepsy & Behavior 2011;22(3):479-82.

Horwitz RI, Kassirer JP, Holmboe ES, Humphrey HJ, Verghese A, Croft C, Kwok M, Loscalzo J. Internal medicine residency redesign: proposal of the Internal Medicine Working Group. American Journal of Medicine 2011;124(9):806-12.

Wong JB, Coates PM, Russell RM, Dwyer JT, Schuttinga JA, Bowman BA, Peterson SA. Economic analysis of nutrition interventions for chronic disease prevention: methods, research, and policy. Nutrition Reviews 2011;69(9):533-49.

Gordon CE, Uhlig K, Schmid CH, Levey AS, Wong JB. Long-term viral negativity after interferon for chronic hepatitis C virus infection in hemodialysis. Clinical Journal of The American Society of Nephrology: CJASN 2011;6(9):2226-34.

Drozda J, Jr., Messer JV, Spertus J, Abramowitz B, Alexander K, Beam CT, Bonow RO, Burkiewicz JS, Crouch M, Goff DC, Jr., Hellman R, James T, 3rd, King ML, Machado EA, Jr., Ortiz E, O'Toole M, Persell SD, Pines JM, Rybicki FJ, Sadwin LB, Sikkema JD, Smith PK, Torcson PJ, Wong JB. ACCF/AHA/AMA-PCPI 2011 Performance Measures for Adults With Coronary Artery Disease and Hypertension: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Performance Measures and the American Medical Association-Physician Consortium for Performance Improvement. Circulation 2011;124(2):248-70.

Helfand M, Tunis S, Whitlock EP, Pauker SG, Basu A, Chilingerian J, Harrell FE, Jr., Meltzer DO, Montori VM, Shepard DS, Kent DM, Methods Work Group of the National CSGCoCER. A CTSA agenda to advance methods for comparative effectiveness research. Clinical and translational science 2011;4(3):188-98.

Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Dawson-Hughes B, Baron JA, Kanis JA, Orav EJ, Staehelin HB, Kiel DP, Burckhardt P, Henschkowski J, Spiegelman D, Li R, Wong JB, Feskanich D, Willett WC. Milk intake and risk of hip fracture in men and women: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Journal of Bone & Mineral Research 2011;26(4):833-9.

Alsheikh-Ali AA, Trikalinos TA, Ruthazer R, Terrin N, Wong JB, Sarnak MJ, Estes NAM, 3rd, Kent DM. Risk of arrhythmic and nonarrhythmic death in patients with heart failure and chronic kidney disease. American Heart Journal 2011;161(1):204-9.e1.

Choi H, Wong JB, Mendiratta A, Heiman GA, Hamberger MJ. Numeracy and framing bias in epilepsy. Epilepsy & Behavior 2011;20(1):29-33.

Kassirer JP. Tackling conflicts of interest. What the New England Journal of Medicine did. BMJ 2011;343:d5665.

Kassirer JP. Flaws in the medical literature: who's to blame? Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis 2010;58(6):395-7.

Pauker SG, Salem DN. Measuring duty hours made simple. American Journal of Medicine 2010;123(11):e17; author reply e9.

Kassirer JP. Does instant access to compiled information undermine clinical cognition? Lancet 2010;376(9751):1510-1.

Pauker SG, Wong JB. How (should) physicians think?: a journey from behavioral economics to the bedside. JAMA 2010;304(11):1233-5.

Pauker SG. Medical decision making: how patients choose. Medical Decision Making 2010;30(5 Suppl):8S-10S.

Concannon TW, Kent DM, Normand S-L, Newhouse JP, Griffith JL, Cohen J, Beshansky JR, Wong JB, Aversano T, Selker HP. Comparative effectiveness of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction regionalization strategies. Circulation 2010;Cardiovascular Quality & Outcomes. 3(5):506-13.

Kassirer JP. Teaching clinical reasoning: case-based and coached. Academic Medicine 2010;85(7):1118-24.

Col NF, Hansen MH, Fischhoff B, Pauker SG. Comments and response on the USPSTF recommendation on screening for breast cancer. Annals of Internal Medicine 2010;152(8):542; author reply 3-4.

Peters MG, Perrillo RP, Jacobson IM, Ross DB, Doo EC, Murray JS, Wong JB. Entering the new era of therapy for HBV and HCV infections. Journal of Family Practice 2010;59(4 Suppl):S51-8.

Selker HP, Strom BL, Ford DE, Meltzer DO, Pauker SG, Pincus HA, Rich EC, Tompkins C, Whitlock EP. White paper on CTSA consortium role in facilitating comparative effectiveness research: September 23, 2009 CTSA consortium strategic goal committee on comparative effectiveness research. Clinical and translational science 2010;3(1):29-37.

Steinbrook R, Kassirer JP. Data availability for industry sponsored trials: what should medical journals require? BMJ 2010;341:c5391.

Kassirer JP, Wong JB. Comparative effectiveness research and the psychology of medical practice: the vicissitudes of knowledge implementation. Pharmacoeconomics 2010;28(10):899-903.

Liem YS, Wong JB, Hunink MM, de Charro FT, Winkelmayer WC. Propensity scores in the presence of effect modification: A case study using the comparison of mortality on hemodialysis versus peritoneal dialysis. Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2010;7(1):1.

Schroy PC, 3rd, Glick JT, Robinson P, Lydotes MA, Heeren TC, Prout M, Davidson P, Wong JB. A cost-effectiveness analysis of subject recruitment strategies in the HIPAA era: results from a colorectal cancer screening adherence trial. Clinical Trials 2009;6(6):597-609.

Kassirer JP. Commentary: Disclosure's failings: what is the alternative? Academic Medicine 2009;84(9):1180-1.

Gordon CE, Uhlig K, Lau J, Schmid CH, Levey AS, Wong JB. Interferon for hepatitis C virus in hemodialysis--an individual patient meta-analysis of factors associated with sustained virological response. Clinical Journal of The American Society of Nephrology: CJASN 2009;4(9):1449-58.

Kassirer JP. William B. Schwartz, MD, 1923-2009. American Journal of Kidney Diseases 2009;53(6):A27-9.

Chimonas S, Kassirer JP. No more free drug samples? PLoS Medicine / Public Library of Science 2009;6(5):e1000074.

King AB, Tosteson ANA, Wong JB, Solomon DH, Burge RT, Dawson-Hughes B. Interstate variation in the burden of fragility fractures. Journal of Bone & Mineral Research 2009;24(4):681-92.

Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Willett WC, Wong JB, Stuck AE, Staehelin HB, Orav EJ, Thoma A, Kiel DP, Henschkowski J. Prevention of nonvertebral fractures with oral vitamin D and dose dependency: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Archives of Internal Medicine 2009;169(6):551-61.

Wong JB, Mulrow C, Sox HC. Health policy and cost-effectiveness analysis: yes we can. Yes we must. Annals of Internal Medicine 2009;150(4):274-5.

Gotzsche PC, Kassirer JP, Woolley KL, Wager E, Jacobs A, Gertel A, Hamilton C. What should be done to tackle ghostwriting in the medical literature? PLoS Medicine / Public Library of Science 2009;6(2):e23.

Kirschner NM, Pauker SG, Stubbs JW. How can cost-effectiveness information help control unsustainable growth in U.S. health care spending? Annals of Internal Medicine 2009;150(1):57.

Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Dawson-Hughes B, Staehelin HB, Orav JE, Stuck AE, Theiler R, Wong JB, Egli A, Kiel DP, Henschkowski J. Fall prevention with supplemental and active forms of vitamin D: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ 2009;339:b3692.

Siebert U, Sroczynski G, Aidelsburger P, Rossol S, Wasem J, Manns MP, McHutchison JG, Wong JB. Clinical effectiveness and cost effectiveness of tailoring chronic hepatitis C treatment with peginterferon alpha-2b plus ribavirin to HCV genotype and early viral response: a decision analysis based on German guidelines. Pharmacoeconomics 2009;27(4):341-54.

Choi H, Sell RL, Lenert L, Muennig P, Goodman RR, Gilliam FG, Wong JB. Epilepsy surgery for pharmacoresistant temporal lobe epilepsy: a decision analysis. JAMA 2008;300(21):2497-505.

Bain KT, Holmes HM, Beers MH, Maio V, Handler SM, Pauker SG. Discontinuing medications: a novel approach for revising the prescribing stage of the medication-use process. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2008;56(10):1946-52.

Rowin EJ, Lucier D, Pauker SG, Kumar S, Chen J, Salem DN. Does error and adverse event reporting by physicians and nurses differ? Joint Commission Journal on Quality & Patient Safety 2008;34(9):537-45.

Guyatt GH, Cook DJ, Jaeschke R, Pauker SG, Schunemann HJ. Grades of recommendation for antithrombotic agents: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines (8th Edition). Chest 2008;133(6 Suppl):123S-31S.

Salem DN, O'Gara PT, Madias C, Pauker SG, American College of Chest P. Valvular and structural heart disease: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines (8th Edition). Chest 2008;133(6 Suppl):593S-629S.

Lang EV, Berbaum KS, Pauker SG, Faintuch S, Salazar GM, Lutgendorf S, Laser E, Logan H, Spiegel D. Beneficial effects of hypnosis and adverse effects of empathic attention during percutaneous tumor treatment: when being nice does not suffice. Journal of Vascular & Interventional Radiology 2008;19(6):897-905.

Gordon CE, Uhlig K, Lau J, Schmid CH, Levey AS, Wong JB. Interferon treatment in hemodialysis patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection: a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of treatment efficacy and harms. American Journal of Kidney Diseases 2008;51(2):263-77.

Concannon TW, Kent DM, Normand S-L, Newhouse JP, Griffith JL, Ruthazer R, Beshansky JR, Wong JB, Aversano T, Selker HP. A geospatial analysis of emergency transport and inter-hospital transfer in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. American Journal of Cardiology 2008;101(1):69-74.

Ishida H, Wong JB, Hino K, Kurokawa F, Nishina S, Sakaida I, Okita K, Tamesa T, Oka M, Torimura T, Sata M, Takahashi S, Chayama K, Inoue Y. Validating a Markov model of treatment for hepatitis C virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods of Information in Medicine 2008;47(6):529-40.

Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Dawson-Hughes B, Baron JA, Burckhardt P, Li R, Spiegelman D, Specker B, Orav JE, Wong JB, Staehelin HB, O'Reilly E, Kiel DP, Willett WC. Calcium intake and hip fracture risk in men and women: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2007;86(6):1780-90.

Rajendra A, Wong JB. Economics of chronic hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Journal of Hepatology 2007;47(4):608-17.

Kim JJ, Kuntz KM, Stout NK, Mahmud S, Villa LL, Franco EL, Goldie SJ. Multiparameter calibration of a natural history model of cervical cancer. American Journal of Epidemiology 2007;166(2):137-50.

Dansinger ML, Tatsioni A, Wong JB, Chung M, Balk EM. Meta-analysis: the effect of dietary counseling for weight loss. Annals of Internal Medicine 2007;147(1):41-50.

McHutchison JG, Manns MP, Brown RS, Jr., Reddy KR, Shiffman ML, Wong JB. Strategies for managing anemia in hepatitis C patients undergoing antiviral therapy. American Journal of Gastroenterology 2007;102(4):880-9.

Burge R, Dawson-Hughes B, Solomon DH, Wong JB, King A, Tosteson A. Incidence and economic burden of osteoporosis-related fractures in the United States, 2005-2025. Journal of Bone & Mineral Research 2007;22(3):465-75.

Deuffic-Burban S, Poynard T, Sulkowski MS, Wong JB. Estimating the future health burden of chronic hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus infections in the United States. Journal of Viral Hepatitis 2007;14(2):107-15.

Liem YS, Wong JB, Hunink MGM, de Charro FT, Winkelmayer WC. Comparison of hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis survival in The Netherlands. Kidney International 2007;71(2):153-8.

Kassirer JP. Extent and implications of the academia-industry connection. Mens Sana Monographs 2007;5(1):1-6.

Shah BB, Wong JB. The economics of hepatitis C virus. Clinics in Liver Disease 2006;10(4):717-34.

Milch CE, Salem DN, Pauker SG, Lundquist TG, Kumar S, Chen J. Voluntary electronic reporting of medical errors and adverse events. An analysis of 92,547 reports from 26 acute care hospitals. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2006;21(2):165-70.

Guyatt G, Baumann M, Pauker S, Halperin J, Maurer J, Owens DK, Tosteson ANA, Carlin B, Gutterman D, Prins M, Lewis SZ, Schunemann H. Addressing resource allocation issues in recommendations from clinical practice guideline panels: suggestions from an American College of Chest Physicians task force. Chest 2006;129(1):182-7.

Wasem J, Sroczynski G, Aidelsburger P, Buchberger B, Hessel F, Conrads-Frank A, Peters-Blochinger A, Kurth BM, Wong JB, Rossol S, Siebert U. [Health economics of chronic infectious diseases: the example of hepatitis C]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz 2006;49(1):57-63.

Wong JB. Hepatitis C: cost of illness and considerations for the economic evaluation of antiviral therapies. Pharmacoeconomics 2006;24(7):661-72.

Golan Y, Wolf MP, Pauker SG, Wong JB, Hadley S. Empirical anti-Candida therapy among selected patients in the intensive care unit: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Annals of Internal Medicine 2005;143(12):857-69.

Pauker SG, Zane EM, Salem DN. Creating a safer health care system: finding the constraint. JAMA 2005;294(22):2906-8.

Pauker SG. The clinical interpretation of research. PLoS Medicine / Public Library of Science 2005;2(11):e395.

Drummond MF, Barbieri M, Wong JB. Analytic choices in economic models of treatments for rheumatoid arthritis: What makes a difference? Medical Decision Making 2005;25(5):520-33.

Braithwaite RS, Justice AC, Chang C-CH, Fusco JS, Raffanti SR, Wong JB, Roberts MS. Estimating the proportion of patients infected with HIV who will die of comorbid diseases. American Journal of Medicine 2005;118(8):890-8.

Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Willett WC, Wong JB, Giovannucci E, Dietrich T, Dawson-Hughes B. Fracture prevention with vitamin D supplementation: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. JAMA 2005;293(18):2257-64.

Johnston JA, Brill-Edwards P, Ginsberg JS, Pauker SG, Eckman MH. Cost-effectiveness of prophylactic low molecular weight heparin in pregnant women with a prior history of venous thromboembolism. American Journal of Medicine 2005;118(5):503-14.

Pauker SG, Estes NAM, Salem DN. Preventing sudden cardiac death: can we afford the benefit? Annals of Internal Medicine 2005;142(8):664-6.

Noguchi Y, Nagata-Kobayashi S, Stahl JE, Wong JB. A meta-analytic comparison of echocardiographic stressors. The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging 2005;21(2-3):189-207.

Sondhi M, Goffin JR, Cohen BJ, Wong JB, Pauker SG. DEALE-ing with lung cancer and heart failure. Medical Decision Making 2005;25(1):82-94.

Siebert U, Wasem J, Rossol S, Sroczynski G, Aidelsburger P, Ravens-Sieberer U, Kurth BM, Manns MP, McHutchison JG, Wong JB. Antiviral treatment initiation costs in chronic hepatitis C. Gut 2005;54(1):172-3.

Barbieri M, Wong JB, Drummond M. The cost effectiveness of infliximab for severe treatment-resistant rheumatoid arthritis in the UK. Pharmacoeconomics 2005;23(6):607-18.

Amin MG, Wolf MP, TenBrook JA, Jr., Freeman RB, Jr., Cheng SJ, Pratt DS, Wong JB. Expanded criteria donor grafts for deceased donor liver transplantation under the MELD system: a decision analysis. Liver Transplantation 2004;10(12):1468-75.

Wong JB. Cost-effectiveness of anti-tumor necrosis factor agents. Clinical & Experimental Rheumatology 2004;22(5 Suppl 35):S65-70.

Guyatt G, Schunemann HJ, Cook D, Jaeschke R, Pauker S. Applying the grades of recommendation for antithrombotic and thrombolytic therapy: the Seventh ACCP Conference on Antithrombotic and Thrombolytic Therapy. Chest 2004;126(3 Suppl):179S-87S.

Salem DN, Stein PD, Al-Ahmad A, Bussey HI, Horstkotte D, Miller N, Pauker SG. Antithrombotic therapy in valvular heart disease--native and prosthetic: the Seventh ACCP Conference on Antithrombotic and Thrombolytic Therapy. Chest 2004;126(3 Suppl):457S-82S.

Taylor WC, Tsevat J, Pauker SG. Priorities for the treatment of latent tuberculosis. New England Journal of Medicine 2004;351(8):832-4; author reply -4.

Elstein AS, Fryback DG, Weinstein MC, Pauker SG, Holmes-Rovner M, Young MJ, Barry MJ, Eckman MH, Hunink MGM, Tsevat J, Wong JB. Presidential reflections on the 25th anniversary of the society for medical decision making. Medical Decision Making 2004;24(4):408-20.

TenBrook JA, Jr., Wolf MP, Hoffman SN, Rosenwasser LJ, Konstam MA, Salem DN, Wong JB. Should beta-blockers be given to patients with heart disease and peanut-induced anaphylaxis? A decision analysis. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology 2004;113(5):977-82.

Rothberg MB, Wong JB. All dysuria is local. A cost-effectiveness model for designing site-specific management algorithms. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2004;19(5 Pt 1):433-43.

Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Dawson-Hughes B, Willett WC, Staehelin HB, Bazemore MG, Zee RY, Wong JB. Effect of Vitamin D on falls: a meta-analysis. JAMA 2004;291(16):1999-2006.

Fine AM, Wong JB, Fraser HSF, Fleisher GR, Mandl KD. Is it influenza or anthrax? A decision analytic approach to the treatment of patients with influenza-like illnesses. Annals of Emergency Medicine 2004;43(3):318-28.

Tenbrook JA, Jr., Iafrati MD, O'Donnell TF, Jr., Wolf MP, Hoffman SN, Pauker SG, Lau J, Wong JB. Systematic review of outcomes after surgical management of venous disease incorporating subfascial endoscopic perforator surgery. Journal of Vascular Surgery 2004;39(3):583-9.

Deuffic-Burban S, Wong JB, Valleron A-J, Costagliola D, Delfraissy J-F, Poynard T. Comparing the public health burden of chronic hepatitis C and HIV infection in France. Journal of Hepatology 2004;40(2):319-26.

Krahn M, Wong JB, Heathcote J, Scully L, Seeff L. Estimating the prognosis of hepatitis C patients infected by transfusion in Canada between 1986 and 1990. Medical Decision Making 2004;24(1):20-9.

Marshall DA, Kleinman SH, Wong JB, AuBuchon JP, Grima DT, Kulin NA, Weinstein MC. Cost-effectiveness of nucleic acid test screening of volunteer blood donations for hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus in the United States. Vox Sanguinis 2004;86(1):28-40.

Col NF, Pauker SG. The discrepancy between observational studies and randomized trials of menopausal hormone therapy: did expectations shape experience? Annals of Internal Medicine 2003;139(11):923-9.

Wong JB, Davis GL, McHutchison JG, Manns MP, Albrecht JK, International Hepatitis Interventional Therapy G. Economic and clinical effects of evaluating rapid viral response to peginterferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin for the initial treatment of chronic hepatitis C. American Journal of Gastroenterology 2003;98(11):2354-62.

Davis GL, Wong JB, McHutchison JG, Manns MP, Harvey J, Albrecht J. Early virologic response to treatment with peginterferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin in patients with chronic hepatitis C. Hepatology 2003;38(3):645-52.

Salem DN, Pauker SG. The adverse effects of HIPAA on patient care. New England Journal of Medicine 2003;349(3):309.

Hoffman SN, TenBrook JA, Wolf MP, Pauker SG, Salem DN, Wong JB. A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing coronary artery bypass graft with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty: one- to eight-year outcomes. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2003;41(8):1293-304.

Maetzel A, Tugwell P, Boers M, Guillemin F, Coyle D, Drummond M, Wong JB, Gabriel SE, Group OER. Economic evaluation of programs or interventions in the management of rheumatoid arthritis: defining a consensus-based reference case. Journal of Rheumatology 2003;30(4):891-6.

Buti M, Medina M, Casado MA, Wong JB, Fosbrook L, Esteban R. A cost-effectiveness analysis of peginterferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin for the treatment of naive patients with chronic hepatitis C. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 2003;17(5):687-94.

Siebert U, Sroczynski G, Rossol S, Wasem J, Ravens-Sieberer U, Kurth BM, Manns MP, McHutchison JG, Wong JB, German Hepatitis CMG, International Hepatitis Interventional Therapy G. Cost effectiveness of peginterferon alpha-2b plus ribavirin versus interferon alpha-2b plus ribavirin for initial treatment of chronic hepatitis C. Gut 2003;52(3):425-32.

Braithwaite RS, Col NF, Wong JB. Estimating hip fracture morbidity, mortality and costs. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2003;51(3):364-70.

Wong JB, Singh G, Kavanaugh A. Estimating the cost-effectiveness of 54 weeks of infliximab for rheumatoid arthritis. American Journal of Medicine 2002;113(5):400-8.

Wong JB. Pharmacogenomics of hepatitis C and decision analysis: a glimpse into the future. Hepatology 2002;36(1):252-4.

Rothberg M, Bennish ML, Kao JS, Wong JB. Do the benefits of varicella vaccination outweigh the long-term risks? A decision-analytic model for policymakers and pediatricians. Clinical Infectious Diseases 2002;34(7):885-94.

Wong JB, Nevens F. Cost-effectiveness of peginterferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin compared to interferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin as initial treatment of chronic hepatitis C in Belgium. Acta Gastroenterologica Belgica 2002;65(2):110-11.

Cheng SJ, Freeman RB, Jr., Wong JB. Predicting the probability of progression-free survival in patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma. Liver Transplantation 2002;8(4):323-8.

de Vries SO, Visser K, de Vries JA, Wong JB, Donaldson MC, Hunink MGM. Intermittent claudication: cost-effectiveness of revascularization versus exercise therapy. Radiology 2002;222(1):25-36.

Sagmeister M, Renner EL, Mullhaupt B, Wong JB. Simulation of hepatitis C based on a mandatory reporting system. European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 2002;14(1):25-34.

Wong JB, Ramey DR, Singh G. Long-term morbidity, mortality, and economics of rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis & Rheumatism 2001;44(12):2746-9.

Balk EM, Zucker DR, Engels EA, Wong JB, Williams JW, Jr., Lau J. Strategies for diagnosing and treating suspected acute bacterial sinusitis: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2001;16(10):701-11.

Cheng SJ, Pratt DS, Freeman RB, Jr., Kaplan MM, Wong JB. Living-donor versus cadaveric liver transplantation for non-resectable small hepatocellular carcinoma and compensated cirrhosis: a decision analysis. Transplantation 2001;72(5):861-8.

DeLong ER, Nelson CL, Wong JB, Pryor DB, Peterson ED, Lee KL, Mark DB, Califf RM, Pauker SG. Using observational data to estimate prognosis: an example using a coronary artery disease registry. Statistics in Medicine 2001;20(16):2505-32.

Sennfalt K, Reichard O, Hultkrantz R, Wong JB, Jonsson D. Cost-effectiveness of interferon alfa-2b with and without ribavirin as therapy for chronic hepatitis C in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 2001;36(8):870-6.

Sagmeister M, Wong JB, Mullhaupt B, Renner EL. A pragmatic and cost-effective strategy of a combination therapy of interferon alpha-2b and ribavirin for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C. European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology 2001;13(5):483-8.

Col NF, Hirota LK, Orr RK, Erban JK, Wong JB, Lau J. Hormone replacement therapy after breast cancer: a systematic review and quantitative assessment of risk. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2001;19(8):2357-63.

Sinclair JC, Cook RJ, Guyatt GH, Pauker SG, Cook DJ. When should an effective treatment be used? Derivation of the threshold number needed to treat and the minimum event rate for treatment. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2001;54(3):253-62.

Pauker SG. A Society for Medical Decision Making. Medical Decision Making 2001;21(1):78-9.

Guyatt G, Schunemann H, Cook D, Jaeschke R, Pauker S, Bucher H, American College of Chest P. Grades of recommendation for antithrombotic agents. Chest 2001;119(1 Suppl):3S-7S.

Salem DN, Daudelin HD, Levine HJ, Pauker SG, Eckman MH, Riff J. Antithrombotic therapy in valvular heart disease. Chest 2001;119(1 Suppl):207S-19S.

Cheng SJ, Bonis PA, Lau J, Pham NQ, Wong JB. Interferon and ribavirin for patients with chronic hepatitis C who did not respond to previous interferon therapy: a meta-analysis of controlled and uncontrolled trials. Hepatology 2001;33(1):231-40.

Wong JB, Koff RS. Watchful waiting with periodic liver biopsy versus immediate empirical therapy for histologically mild chronic hepatitis C. A cost-effectiveness analysis. Annals of Internal Medicine 2000;133(9):665-75.

Katz D, Payne D, Pauker S. Early surgery versus conservative management of dissecting aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta. Medical Decision Making 2000;20(4):377-93.

Wong JB, McQuillan GM, McHutchison JG, Poynard T. Estimating future hepatitis C morbidity, mortality, and costs in the United States. American Journal of Public Health 2000;90(10):1562-9.

Buti M, Casado MA, Fosbrook L, Wong JB, Esteban R. Cost-effectiveness of combination therapy for naive patients with chronic hepatitis C. Journal of Hepatology 2000;33(4):651-8.

Lau J, Ioannidis JP, Balk E, Milch C, Chew P, Terrin N, Lang TA, Salem D, Wong JB. Evaluation of technologies for identifying acute cardiac ischemia in emergency departments. Evidence Report: Technology Assessment (Summary) 2000(26):1-4.

Wong JB, Poynard T, Ling MH, Albrecht JK, Pauker SG. Cost-effectiveness of 24 or 48 weeks of interferon alpha-2b alone or with ribavirin as initial treatment of chronic hepatitis C. International Hepatitis Interventional Therapy Group. American Journal of Gastroenterology 2000;95(6):1524-30.

Wong JB, Davis GL, Pauker SG. Cost effectiveness of ribavirin/interferon alfa-2b after interferon relapse in chronic hepatitis C. American Journal of Medicine 2000;108(5):366-73.

Arbo MD, Snydman DR, Wong JB, Goldberg HS, Schmid CH, Pauker SG. Cytomegalovirus immune globulin after liver transplantation: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Clinical Transplantation 2000;14(1):19-27.

Wong JB. Cost-effectiveness of treatments for chronic hepatitis C. American Journal of Medicine 1999;107(6B):74S-8S.

Stahl JE, Barza M, DesJardin J, Martin R, Eckman MH. Effect of macrolides as part of initial empiric therapy on length of stay in patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia. Archives of Internal Medicine 1999;159(21):2576-80.

Beck JR, Pauker SG. Does DEALE-ing stack the deck? Medical Decision Making 1999;19(4):503-4.

Orr RK, Col NF, Kuntz KM. A cost-effectiveness analysis of axillary node dissection in postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer and clinically negative axillary nodes. Surgery 1999;126(3):568-76.

Kopelman RI, Wong JB, Pauker SG. Clinical problem-solving. A little math helps the medicine go down. New England Journal of Medicine 1999;341(6):435-9.

Provenzale D, Schmitt C, Wong JB. Barrett's esophagus: a new look at surveillance based on emerging estimates of cancer risk. American Journal of Gastroenterology 1999;94(8):2043-53.

Col NF, Pauker SG, Goldberg RJ, Eckman MH, Orr RK, Ross EM, Wong JB. Individualizing therapy to prevent long-term consequences of estrogen deficiency in postmenopausal women. Archives of Internal Medicine 1999;159(13):1458-66.

Ratliff A, Angell M, Dow RW, Kuppermann M, Nease RF, Jr., Fisher R, Fisher ES, Redelmeier DA, Faughnan ME, Rimer BK, Pauker SP, Pauker SG, Sox HC. What is a good decision? Effective Clinical Practice 1999;2(4):185-97.

Orr RK, Hoehn JL, Col NF. The learning curve for sentinel node biopsy in breast cancer: practical considerations. Archives of Surgery 1999;134(7):764-7.

Pauker SG, Rothberg M. Commentary: resist jumping to conclusions. BMJ 1999;318(7198):1616-7.

Santoro NF, Col NF, Eckman MH, Wong JB, Pauker SG, Cauley JA, Zmuda J, Crawford S, Johannes CB, Rossouw JE, Merz CN. Therapeutic controversy: Hormone replacement therapy--where are we going? Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 1999;84(6):1798-812.

Ross EM, Rosenberg IH, Dawson-Hughes B, Col NF, Wong JB. Fitting nutrition into the medical model: the role of decision analytic cost-effectiveness techniques. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1999;53 Suppl 2:S25-8.

Pauker SG, Eckman MH. Finding what you seek: analyzing therapies for nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Annals of Internal Medicine 1999;130(8):690-1.

Engels EA, Ellis CA, Supran SE, Schmid CH, Barza M, Schenkein DP, Koc Y, Miller KB, Wong JB. Early infection in bone marrow transplantation: quantitative study of clinical factors that affect risk. Clinical Infectious Diseases 1999;28(2):256-66.

Wong JB, Bennett WG, Koff RS, Pauker SG. Pretreatment evaluation of chronic hepatitis C: risks, benefits, and costs. JAMA 1998;280(24):2088-93.

Guyatt GH, Cook DJ, Sackett DL, Eckman M, Pauker S. Grades of recommendation for antithrombotic agents. Chest 1998;114(5 Suppl):441S-4S.

Salem DN, Levine HJ, Pauker SG, Eckman MH, Daudelin DH. Antithrombotic therapy in valvular heart disease. Chest 1998;114(5 Suppl):590S-601S.

Eckman MH, Levine HJ, Salem DN, Pauker SG. Making decisions about antithrombotic therapy in heart disease: decision analytic and cost-effectiveness issues. Chest 1998;114(5 Suppl):699S-714S.

Eckman MH, Falk RH, Pauker SG. Cost-effectiveness of therapies for patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Archives of Internal Medicine 1998;158(15):1669-77.

Lilford RJ, Pauker SG, Braunholtz DA, Chard J. Decision analysis and the implementation of research findings. BMJ 1998;317(7155):405-9.

Provenzale D, Wong JB, Onken JE, Lipscomb J. Performing a cost-effectiveness analysis: surveillance of patients with ulcerative colitis. American Journal of Gastroenterology 1998;93(6):872-80.

Wong JB. Interferon treatment for chronic hepatitis B or C infection: costs and effectiveness. Acta Gastroenterologica Belgica 1998;61(2):238-42.

Pauker SG, Pauker SP. Expected-utility perspectives on defensive testing. Torts, tradeoffs, and thresholds--is defensive medicine defensible? Medical Decision Making 1998;18(1):29-31.

Bennett WG, Inoue Y, Beck JR, Wong JB, Pauker SG, Davis GL. Estimates of the cost-effectiveness of a single course of interferon-alpha 2b in patients with histologically mild chronic hepatitis C. Annals of Internal Medicine 1997;127(10):855-65.

Litvak E, Siegel JE, Pauker SG, Lallemant M, Fineberg HV, Weinstein MC. Whose blood is safer? The effect of the stage of the epidemic on screening for HIV. Medical Decision Making 1997;17(4):455-63.

Col NF, Wong JB, Pauker SG, Karas R. Impact of postmenopausal hormone therapy on cardiovascular events and cancer. Study's conclusions were incorrect. BMJ 1997;315(7109):678; author reply -9.

Li RW, Wong JB. Postexposure treatment of HIV. New England Journal of Medicine 1997;337(7):499-500; author reply 1.

Eckman MH, Steere AC, Kalish RA, Pauker SG. Cost effectiveness of oral as compared with intravenous antibiotic therapy for patients with early Lyme disease or Lyme arthritis. New England Journal of Medicine 1997;337(5):357-63.

Helfand M, Pauker SG. Influence diagrams: a new dimension for decision models. Medical Decision Making 1997;17(3):351-2.

Epstein SK, Ciubotaru RL, Wong JB. Effect of failed extubation on the outcome of mechanical ventilation. Chest 1997;112(1):186-92.

Pauker SG, Kassirer JP. Contentious screening decisions: does the choice matter? New England Journal of Medicine 1997;336(17):1243-4.

Col NF, Eckman MH, Karas RH, Pauker SG, Goldberg RJ, Ross EM, Orr RK, Wong JB. Patient-specific decisions about hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women. JAMA 1997;277(14):1140-7.

Pauker SG, Stahl JE. Medical informatics: where the action is. Western Journal of Medicine 1997;166(2):148-50.

Bennett WG, Pauker SG, Davis GL, Wong JB. Modeling therapeutic benefit in the midst of uncertainty: therapy for hepatitis C. Digestive Diseases & Sciences 1996;41(12 Suppl):56S-62S.

Chuttani K, Metherall J, Griffith J, Oates E, Konstam MA, Pauker SG, Salem DN, Udelson JE. Enhanced hepatic uptake of thallium-201 in patients with severe narrowing of the right coronary artery. American Journal of Cardiology 1995;76(14):1020-4.

Provenzale D, Kowdley KV, Arora S, Wong JB. Prophylactic colectomy or surveillance for chronic ulcerative colitis? A decision analysis. Gastroenterology 1995;109(4):1188-96.

Levine HJ, Pauker SG, Eckman MH. Antithrombotic therapy in valvular heart disease. Chest 1995;108(4 Suppl):360S-70S.

Eckman MH, Levine HJ, Pauker SG. Making decisions about antithrombotic therapy in heart disease. Decision analytic and cost-effectiveness issues. Chest 1995;108(4 Suppl):457S-70S.

Hunink MG, Wong JB, Donaldson MC, Meyerovitz MF, de Vries J, Harrington DP. Revascularization for femoropopliteal disease. A decision and cost-effectiveness analysis. JAMA 1995;274(2):165-71.

Pauker SG, Kopelman RI, Lechan RM. Clinical problem-solving. Diverted by the chief complaint. New England Journal of Medicine 1995;333(1):45-8.

Sarasin FP, Wong JB, Levey AS, Meyer KB. Screening for acquired cystic kidney disease: a decision analytic perspective. Kidney International 1995;48(1):207-19.

Wong JB, Koff RS, Tine F, Pauker SG. Cost-effectiveness of interferon-alpha 2b treatment for hepatitis B e antigen-positive chronic hepatitis B. Annals of Internal Medicine 1995;122(9):664-75.

Eckman MH, Greenfield S, Mackey WC, Wong JB, Kaplan S, Sullivan L, Dukes K, Pauker SG. Foot infections in diabetic patients. Decision and cost-effectiveness analyses. JAMA 1995;273(9):712-20.

Hasselblad V, Mosteller F, Littenberg B, Chalmers TC, Hunink MG, Turner JA, Morton SC, Diehr P, Wong JB, Powe NR. A survey of current problems in meta-analysis. Discussion from the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research inter-PORT Work Group on Literature Review/Meta-Analysis. Medical Care 1995;33(2):202-20.

Eckman MH, Pauker SG. Clinical impact of inaccuracies in anticoagulation monitoring. Archives of Internal Medicine 1995;155(1):115-6.

Pauker SG, Kopelman RI. Clinical problem-solving. Some familiar trade-offs. New England Journal of Medicine 1994;331(22):1511-4.

Krahn MD, Mahoney JE, Eckman MH, Trachtenberg J, Pauker SG, Detsky AS. Screening for prostate cancer. A decision analytic view. JAMA 1994;272(10):773-80.

Pauker SG, Kopelman RI. Clinical problem-solving. Invasive interventions. New England Journal of Medicine 1994;331(9):601-5.

Sonnenberg FA, Roberts MS, Tsevat J, Wong JB, Barry M, Kent DL. Toward a peer review process for medical decision analysis models. Medical Care 1994;32(7 Suppl):JS52-64.

Pauker SG, Kopelman RI. Clinical problem-solving. A masked marauder. New England Journal of Medicine 1994;330(22):1596-8.

Provenzale D, Kemp JA, Arora S, Wong JB. A guide for surveillance of patients with Barrett's esophagus. American Journal of Gastroenterology 1994;89(5):670-80.

Pauker SP, Pauker SG. Prenatal diagnosis--why is 35 a magic number? New England Journal of Medicine 1994;330(16):1151-2.

Midgette AS, Wong JB, Beshansky JR, Porath A, Fleming C, Pauker SG. Cost-effectiveness of streptokinase for acute myocardial infarction: A combined meta-analysis and decision analysis of the effects of infarct location and of likelihood of infarction. Medical Decision Making 1994;14(2):108-17.

Hunink MG, Wong JB. Meta-analysis of failure-time data with adjustment for covariates. Medical Decision Making 1994;14(1):59-70.

Hunink MG, Wong JB, Donaldson MC, Meyerovitz MF, Harrington DP. Patency results of percutaneous and surgical revascularization for femoropopliteal arterial disease. Medical Decision Making 1994;14(1):71-81.

Cohen BJ, Pauker SG. How do physicians weigh iatrogenic complications? Journal of General Internal Medicine 1994;9(1):20-3.

Kan BD, Levy HL, Wong JB, Pauker SG. Decision Tool--a graphical user interface for generic Markov models. Proceedings - the Annual Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care 1994:1054.

Pauker SG, Kopelman RI. Clinical problem-solving. When going for the gold is not an option. New England Journal of Medicine 1993;329(23):1716-9.

Hogenhuis W, Stevens SK, Wang P, Wong JB, Manolis AS, Estes NA, 3rd, Pauker SG. Cost-effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation compared with other strategies in Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Circulation 1993;88(5 Pt 2):II437-46.

Pauker SG, Kopelman RI. Clinical problem-solving. A rewarding pursuit of certainty. New England Journal of Medicine 1993;329(15):1103-7.

Eckman MH, Levine HJ, Pauker SG. Effect of laboratory variation in the prothrombin-time ratio on the results of oral anticoagulant therapy. New England Journal of Medicine 1993;329(10):696-702.

Sarasin FP, Eckman MH. Management and prevention of thromboembolic events in patients with cancer-related hypercoagulable states: a risky business. Journal of General Internal Medicine 1993;8(9):476-86.

Benbassat J, Zajicek G, van Oortmarssen GJ, Ben-Dov I, Eckman MH. Inaccuracies in estimates of life expectancies of patients with bronchial cancer in clinical decision making. Medical Decision Making 1993;13(3):237-44.

Pauker SG, Kopelman RI. Hunting for the cause: how far to go? New England Journal of Medicine 1993;328(22):1621-4.

Pauker SG. Deciding about screening. Annals of Internal Medicine 1993;118(11):901-2.

McCarthy BD, Wong JB, Munoz A, Sonnenberg FA. Who should be screened for HIV infection? A cost-effectiveness analysis. Archives of Internal Medicine 1993;153(9):1107-16.

Wong JB, Salem DN, Pauker SG. You're never too old. New England Journal of Medicine 1993;328(13):971-5.

Sonnenberg FA, Wong JB. Commentary: fine-tuning life-expectancy calculations using Markov processes. Medical Decision Making 1993;13(2):170-2.

Pauker SG, Kopelman RI. Weak reasoning: diagnosis by drug reaction. New England Journal of Medicine 1993;328(5):336-9.

Szolovits P, Pauker SG. A coherent philosophy for development or a straightjacket for research? Methods of Information in Medicine 1993;32(1):16-7.

Cohen BJ, Goldberg HS, Pauker SG. DecisionNET: database/network support for clinical decision analysts. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1992;670:127-32.

Pauker SG, Kopelman RI. Treating before knowing. New England Journal of Medicine 1992;327(19):1366-9.

Costanza ME, Annas GJ, Brown ML, Cassel CK, Champion V, Cohen HJ, Frame PS, Glasse L, Mor V, Pauker SG. Supporting statements and rationale. Journal of Gerontology 1992;47 Spec No:7-16.

Pauker SG. Decision making and the principles of screening for breast cancer. Journal of Gerontology 1992;47 Spec No:142-7.

Eckman MH, Wong JB, Salem DN, Pauker SG. Direct angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction. A review of outcomes in clinical subsets. Annals of Internal Medicine 1992;117(8):667-76.

Pauker SG, Kopelman RI. Interpreting hoofbeats: can Bayes help clear the haze? New England Journal of Medicine 1992;327(14):1009-13.

Levine HJ, Pauker SG, Salzman EW, Eckman MH. Antithrombotic therapy in valvular heart disease. Chest 1992;102(4 Suppl):434S-44S.

Eckman MH, Levine HJ, Pauker SG. Decision analytic and cost-effectiveness issues concerning anticoagulant prophylaxis in heart disease. Chest 1992;102(4 Suppl):538S-49S.

Pauker SG, Kopelman RI. Risky business. New England Journal of Medicine 1992;326(23):1546-9.

Georgeson S, Coombs AT, Eckman MH. Prophylactic use of the intra-aortic balloon pump in high-risk cardiac patients undergoing noncardiac surgery: a decision analytic view. American Journal of Medicine 1992;92(6):665-78.

Larsen GC, Manolis AS, Sonnenberg FA, Beshansky JR, Estes NA, Pauker SG. Cost-effectiveness of the implantable cardioverter-defibrillator: effect of improved battery life and comparison with amiodarone therapy. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1992;19(6):1323-34.

Massarotti EM, Luger SW, Rahn DW, Messner RP, Wong JB, Johnson RC, Steere AC. Treatment of early Lyme disease. American Journal of Medicine 1992;92(4):396-403.

Pauker SG, Kopelman RI. How sure is sure enough? New England Journal of Medicine 1992;326(10):688-91.

Pauker SG, Kopelman RI. Trapped by an incidental finding. New England Journal of Medicine 1992;326(1):40-3.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. The accuracy of clinical information. 1. The history. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1991;26(4):21-4.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Diagnosis and the structure of memory. 4. The power of reminding. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1991;26(3):29-30.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Diagnosis and the structure of memory. 3. The nature of categories. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1991;26(2):29-30.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Cases that teach clinical reasoning. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1991;26(1):29-31.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Diagnosis and the structure of memory. 5. Planning. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1991;26(6):33-6.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. The accuracy of clinical information. 2. The physical examination. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1991;26(5):17.

Tsevat J, Taylor WC, Wong JB, Pauker SG. The isoniazid debate. Archives of Internal Medicine 1991;151(10):2105.

Tsevat J, Snydman DR, Pauker SG, Durand-Zaleski I, Werner BG, Levey AS. Which renal transplant patients should receive cytomegalovirus immune globulin? A cost-effectiveness analysis. Transplantation 1991;52(2):259-65.

Cleary PD, Greenfield S, Mulley AG, Pauker SG, Schroeder SA, Wexler L, McNeil BJ. Variations in length of stay and outcomes for six medical and surgical conditions in Massachusetts and California. JAMA 1991;266(1):73-9.

Salem DN, Pauker SG. The need to identify patients who have received streptokinase therapy. New England Journal of Medicine 1991;324(24):1742.

Tsevat J, Wong JB, Pauker SG, Steinberg MH. Neonatal screening for sickle cell disease: a cost-effectiveness analysis. Journal of Pediatrics 1991;118(4 ( Pt 1)):546-54.

Pauker SG. HIV screening: nosocomial epidemiologic risks and decision analysis. Law, Medicine & Health Care 1990;18(1-2):33-40.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Making a silk purse out of a sow's ear. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1990;25(12):24-5.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Diagnosis and the structure of memory. 2. Exemplars, scripts, and simulation. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1990;25(11):29-33.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Diagnosis and the structure of memory. 1. Disease polymorphism and mental models. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1990;25(10):17-9.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. What is a differential diagnosis? Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1990;25(8):19-24.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Cognition and connectionism. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1990;25(2):15.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Diagnosis by fiat. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1990;25(1):31-5.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Clinical problem solving at grand rounds. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1990;25(4):51.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Searching for solutions. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1990;25(6):49.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Lest we become smug. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1990;25(7):33-5.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Diagnosis and decisions by algorithms. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1990;25(3):23-4.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Problem solving in real time. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1990;25(9):21-4.

Wong JB, Sonnenberg FA, Salem DN, Pauker SG. Myocardial revascularization for chronic stable angina. Analysis of the role of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty based on data available in 1989. Annals of Internal Medicine 1990;113(11):852-71.

Georgeson S, Sonnenberg FA, Feingold M, Pauker SG. Twisted sisters: when is the optimal tme for delivery? Medical Decision Making 1990;10(4):294-302.

Wong JB, Kaplan MM, Meyer KB, Pauker SG. Ablative radioactive iodine therapy for apparently localized thyroid carcinoma. A decision analytic perspective. Endocrinology & Metabolism Clinics of North America 1990;19(3):741-60.

McCarthy BD, Wong JB, Selker HP. Detecting acute cardiac ischemia in the emergency department: a review of the literature. Journal of General Internal Medicine 1990;5(4):365-73.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. The probability of a probability. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1990;25(5):23-8.

Eckman MH, Beshansky JR, Durand-Zaleski I, Levine HJ, Pauker SG. Anticoagulation for noncardiac procedures in patients with prosthetic heart valves. Does low risk mean high cost? JAMA 1990;263(11):1513-21.

Georgeson S, Meyer KB, Pauker SG. Decision analysis in clinical cardiology: when is coronary angiography required in aortic stenosis? Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1990;15(4):751-62.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A hit after a miss. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1989;24(12):33.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A diagnostic fluke. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1989;24(11):35-6.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. The right answer for the wrong reason. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1989;24(9):24-6.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Generation of diagnostic hypotheses. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1989;24(4):27-30.

Hagen MD, Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Tripping over technology. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1989;24(2):25-8.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Interpreting negative test results. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1989;24(8):45.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Learning clinical reasoning from examples. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1989;24(3):27.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. The luxuriant language of diagnosis. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1989;24(7):36-8.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Diagnosis and the towers of Babel: a parable. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1989;24(10):27.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Verification. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1989;24(1):21-2.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Iron pyrite and diagnostic confirmation. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1989;24(5):19.

Sonnenberg FA, Eckman MH, Pauker SG. Bone marrow donor registries: the relation between registry size and probability of finding complete and partial matches. Blood 1989;74(7):2569-78.

Wellman MP, Eckman MH, Fleming C, Marshall SL, Sonnenberg FA, Pauker SG. Automated critiquing of medical decision trees. Medical Decision Making 1989;9(4):272-84.

Hagen MD, Eckman MH, Pauker SG. Aortic aneurysm in a 74-year-old man with coronary disease and obstructive lung disease: is double jeopardy enough? Medical Decision Making 1989;9(4):285-99.

Pryor DB, Bruce RA, Chaitman BR, Fisher L, Gajewski J, Hammermeister KE, Pauker SG, Stokes J, 3rd. Task Force I: Determination of prognosis in patients with ischemic heart disease. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1989;14(4):1016-25.

Moskowitz AJ, Pauker SG. A patient with new Q waves: methods for decision making in the individual patient. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1989;14(3 Suppl A):29A-37A.

Pauker SG. Comments by the Representative of the Society for Medical Decision Making. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1989;14(3 Suppl A):72A-3A.

Pauker SG, Kopelman RI. Screening for renovascular hypertension. A which hunt. Hypertension 1989;14(3):258-60.

Tsevat J, Eckman MH, McNutt RA, Pauker SG. Warfarin for dilated cardiomyopathy: a bloody tough pill to swallow? Medical Decision Making 1989;9(3):162-9.

Hagen MD, Meyer KB, Kopelman RI, Pauker SG. Human immunodeficiency virus infection in health care workers. A method for estimating individual occupational risk. Archives of Internal Medicine 1989;149(7):1541-4.

Kassirer JP. Our stubborn quest for diagnostic certainty. A cause of excessive testing. New England Journal of Medicine 1989;320(22):1489-91.

Kassirer JP. Diagnostic reasoning. Annals of Internal Medicine 1989;110(11):893-900.

Lamb EJ, Hagen M, Pauker SG. The mean interval to conception: a measure of utility for the analysis of decisions involving fertility. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 1989;160(6):1470-6; discussion 6-8.

Tsevat J, Durand-Zaleski I, Pauker SG. Cost-effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis for dental procedures in patients with artificial joints. American Journal of Public Health 1989;79(6):739-43.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Cognitive errors in diagnosis: instantiation, classification, and consequences. American Journal of Medicine 1989;86(4):433-41.

Levine HJ, Pauker SG, Salzman EW. Antithrombotic therapy in valvular heart disease. Chest 1989;95(2 Suppl):98S-106S.

Pauker SG, Eckman MH, Levine HJ. A decision analytic view of anticoagulant prophylaxis for thromboembolism in heart disease. Chest 1989;95(2 Suppl):161S-9S.

Selker HP, Beshansky JR, Pauker SG, Kassirer JP. The epidemiology of delays in a teaching hospital. The development and use of a tool that detects unnecessary hospital days. Medical Care 1989;27(2):112-29.

Ellwein LB, Eckman MH. Biologic complexity in mathematical modeling. Medical Decision Making 1989;9(1):38-9.

Kassirer JP. Teaching clinical problem solving. Acta Clinica Belgica 1989;44(5):291-4.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Intuitive and inspirational, or inductive and incremental? Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1988;23(9):21-4.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Surprise! Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1988;23(6):21.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A diagnostic quandary. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1988;23(4):103-6.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Knowledge and clinical expertise. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1988;23(3):46.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Strategies of information gathering: Part I. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1988;23(1):37.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Short-circuiting the diagnostic process. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1988;23(12):33-4.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. The case presentation: I. Principles. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1988;23(7):21.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Discrimination: the problem of look-alikes. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1988;23(10):21-2.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. The case presentation: II. Discrepancies. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1988;23(8):21.

Kopelman RI, McNutt RA, Pauker SG. Use of decision analysis in a complicated case of renovascular hypertension. Hypertension 1988;12(6):611-9.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Searching for a pony. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1988;23(11):17-9.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Memory: how we overcome its limitations. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1988;23(5):25-9.

Lee TH, Gottlieb LK, Weitzman LJ, Mulley AG, Pauker SG, McNeil BJ. Lengths of stay of patients with uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction at three Boston hospitals: impact of pre-discharge tactics. Journal of General Internal Medicine 1988;3(3):239-44.

Tsevat J, Taylor WC, Wong JB, Pauker SG. Decision analysis for isoniazid preventive therapy: take it or leave it? American Review of Respiratory Disease 1988;137(5):1247-8.

Roach PJ, Fleming C, Hagen MD, Pauker SG. Prostatic cancer in a patient with asymptomatic HIV infection: are some lives more equal than others? Medical Decision Making 1988;8(2):132-44.

Hagen MD, Meyer KB, Pauker SG. Routine preoperative screening for HIV. Does the risk to the surgeon outweigh the risk to the patient? JAMA 1988;259(9):1357-9.

Moskowitz AJ, Kuipers BJ, Kassirer JP. Dealing with uncertainty, risks, and tradeoffs in clinical decisions. A cognitive science approach. Annals of Internal Medicine 1988;108(3):435-49.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Strategies of information gathering: Part II. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1988;23(2):26-8.

Fleming C, Wong JB, Moskowitz AJ, Pauker SG. A peripartum neurologic event: shooting from the hip. Medical Decision Making 1988;8(1):55-71.

Tsevat J, Taylor WC, Wong JB, Pauker SG. Isoniazid for the tuberculin reactor: take it or leave it. American Review of Respiratory Disease 1988;137(1):215-20.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Clinical cognition 101. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1987;22(5):57-9.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A seemingly simple decision. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1987;22(11):19.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. The critical role of context in the diagnostic process. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1987;22(8):67-71.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Derailed by the availability heuristic. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1987;22(6):59-60.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Tolerating uncertainty. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1987;22(4):21-2.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. It's what you believe that counts. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1987;22(3):37-9.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Leaving no stone unturned. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1987;22(1):18-21.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. The surgeon opts to operate: why? Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1987;22(12):53.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Judging causality. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1987;22(10):43-6.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A modern medical Descartes. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1987;22(9):17.

Levey AS, Lau J, Pauker SG, Kassirer JP. Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. Puncturing the biopsy myth. Annals of Internal Medicine 1987;107(5):697-713.

Pauker SG, Pauker SP, Wong JB. The utility of thresholds and the threshold utility. Medical Decision Making 1987;7(4):201-2.

McNutt RA, Pauker SG. Competing rates of risk in a patient with subarachnoid hemorrhage and myocardial infarction: it's now or never. Medical Decision Making 1987;7(4):250-9.

Matchar DB, Pauker SG. Endarterectomy in carotid artery disease. A decision analysis. JAMA 1987;258(6):793-8.

Meyer KB, Pauker SG. Screening for HIV: can we afford the false positive rate? New England Journal of Medicine 1987;317(4):238-41.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Post hoc, ergo propter hoc. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1987;22(7):69-73.

Wong JB, Webb RK, Pauker SG. Double trouble: a patient with two prosthetic valves and two episodes of intracranial bleeding. Medical Decision Making 1987;7(3):174-93.

Beck JR, Salem DN, Estes NA, Pauker SG. A computer-based Markov decision analysis of the management of symptomatic bifascicular block: the threshold probability for pacing. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 1987;9(4):920-35.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. The case for causal reasoning. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1987;22(2):25-36.

Kassirer JP, Moskowitz AJ, Lau J, Pauker SG. Decision analysis: a progress report. Annals of Internal Medicine 1987;106(2):275-91.

Pauker SG, Kassirer JP. Decision analysis. New England Journal of Medicine 1987;316(5):250-8.

Eckman MH, McNutt RA, Parkinson DR, Pauker SG. The timing of radical cystectomy after recent myocardial infarction: waiting for Godot. Medical Decision Making 1987;7(1):52-66.

Pauker SP, Pauker SG. The amniocentesis decision: ten years of decision analytic experience. Birth Defects: Original Article Series 1987;23(2):151-69.

Pauker SG, Pauker SP. Prescriptive models to support decision making in genetics. Birth Defects: Original Article Series 1987;23(2):279-96.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Better late than never. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1986;21(11):153-5.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. An apple or an orange? Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1986;21(8):46.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A fatal flaw in Sutton's law. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1986;21(4):65.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Wrong diagnosis, wrong tests, wrong treatment. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1986;21(3):50-4.

Sonnenberg FA, Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. An autopsy of the clinical reasoning process. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1986;21(12):45-9.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Postural hypotension and confusing chemistries. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1986;21(1):45-6.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Treat--or keep testing? Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1986;21(2):41.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Renal rescue by Reverend Bayes. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1986;21(5):16.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A test of clinical judgment. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1986;21(10):18.

Wong JB, Moskowitz AJ, Pauker SG. Clinical decision analysis using microcomputers. A case of coexistent hepatocellular carcinoma and abdominal aortic aneurysm. Western Journal of Medicine 1986;145(6):805-15.

Matchar DB, Pauker SG. Transient ischemic attacks in a man with coronary artery disease: two strategies neck and neck. Medical Decision Making 1986;6(4):239-49.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A defective detective. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1986;21(9):91-8.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A picture is worth a thousand words. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1986;21(7):54-60.

Kassirer JP. The wild goose chase and the elephant's relevance. JAMA 1986;256(2):256-7.

Eckman MH, Robert NJ, Parkinson DR, Latzko G, Pauker SG. Eaton-Lambert syndrome and small cell lung cancer: side effects and certainty. Medical Decision Making 1986;6(3):174-86.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. The bypass on the way to the bypass. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1986;21(6):29-33.

Hillner BE, Hollenberg JP, Pauker SG. Postmenopausal estrogens in prevention of osteoporosis. Benefit virtually without risk if cardiovascular effects are considered. American Journal of Medicine 1986;80(6):1115-27.

Plante DA, Kassirer JP, Zarin DA, Pauker SG. Clinical decision consultation service. American Journal of Medicine 1986;80(6):1169-76.

Sonnenberg FA, Pauker SG. Elective pericardiectomy for tuberculous pericarditis: should the snappers be snipped? Medical Decision Making 1986;6(2):110-23.

Jacoby I, Pauker SG. Technology assessment in health care: group process and decision theory. Israel Journal of Medical Sciences 1986;22(3-4):183-90.

Levine HJ, Pauker SG, Salzman EW. Antithrombotic therapy in valvular heart disease. Chest 1986;89(2 Suppl):36S-45S.

Pauker SG, Eckman MH, Levine HJ. A decision analytic view of anticoagulant prophylaxis for thromboembolism in heart disease. Chest 1986;89(2 Suppl):99S-106S.

Dunn VH, Pauker SG. An ambiguous renal cyst in a patient with a prior nephrectomy: what to do when there is only one more to lose. Medical Decision Making 1986;6(1):49-62.

Pauker SG. Decision analysis as a synthetic tool for achieving consensus in technology assessment. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 1986;2(1):83-97.

Eckman MH, Sonnenberg FA, Jacoby I, Pauker SG. HLA-matched donor registries for bone marrow transplants. A decision analysis. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 1986;2(3):507-31.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A young postman with abdominal pain and diarrhea. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1985;20(11):135-6.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Watch and wait, or operate? Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1985;20(10):75-6.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Diarrhea, abdominal pain, and long-standing ulcerative colitis. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1985;20(9):126-7.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A surprising cause of abdominal pain, anorexia, vomiting, and weight loss. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1985;20(8):20-3.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A man with severe valvular heart disease. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1985;20(5):56.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A woman with refractory diarrhea for five months. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1985;20(3):159-61.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A woman with a persistently high sedimentation rate. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1985;20(7):33.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A young Chinese man with severe weakness. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1985;20(2):27.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A comatose alcoholic. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1985;20(1):26.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. All that glisters is not gold. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1985;20(12):19-20.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. A hirsute woman with weakness and weight gain. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1985;20(4):17.

Moskowitz AJ, Lau J, Pauker SG. Word processing, phase III. MD Computing 1985;2(4):34-9.

Kassirer JP, Kopelman RI. Hypoglycemic coma in a high school dropout. Hospital Practice (Office Edition) 1985;20(6):199-204.

Zarin DA, Pauker SG. Decision analysis as a basis for medical decision making: the tree of hippocrates. Journal of Medicine & Philosophy 1984;9(2):181-213.

Kassirer JP. Does the benefit of aggressive potassium replacement in diuretic-treated patients outweigh the risk? Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 1984;6 Suppl 3:S488-92.

McNeil BJ, Pauker SG. Decision analysis for public health: principles and illustrations. Annual Review of Public Health 1984;5:135-61.

Molitch ME, Beck JR, Dreisman M, Gottlieb JE, Pauker SG. The cold thyroid nodule: an analysis of diagnostic and therapeutic options. Endocrine Reviews 1984;5(2):185-99.

Cuchural GJ, Jr., Levey AS, Pauker SG. Kidney failure or cancer. Should immunosuppression be continued in a transplant patient with malignant melanoma? Medical Decision Making 1984;4(1):82-107.

Plante DA, Zimbler S, Pauker SG. A ten-year-old boy with cerebral palsy and femoral anteversion. How much does it hurt to break a leg? Medical Decision Making 1984;4(2):229-47.

Kwoh CK, Beck JR, Pauker SG. Repeated syncope with negative diagnostic evaluation. To pace or not to pace? Medical Decision Making 1984;4(3):351-77.

Gottlieb LK, Schwartz B, Pauker SG. Glaucoma screening. A cost-effectiveness analysis. Survey of Ophthalmology 1983;28(3):206-26.

Kassirer JP. Teaching clinical medicine by iterative hypothesis testing. Let's preach what we practice. New England Journal of Medicine 1983;309(15):921-3.

Kassirer JP. Is renal biopsy necessary for optimal management of the idiopathic nephrotic syndrome? Kidney International 1983;24(4):561-75.

Levey AS, Pauker SG, Kassirer JP. Occult intracranial aneurysms in polycystic kidney disease. When is cerebral arteriography indicated? New England Journal of Medicine 1983;308(17):986-94.

Kassirer JP. Adding insult to injury. Usurping patients' prerogatives. New England Journal of Medicine 1983;308(15):898-901.

Lau J, Kassirer JP, Pauker SG. Decision Maker 3.0. Improved decision analysis by personal computer. Medical Decision Making 1983;3(1):39-43.

Plante DA, Pauker SG. Enterococcal endocarditis and penicillin allergy. Which drug for the bug? Medical Decision Making 1983;3(1):81-109.

Zarin DA, Pauker SG. Bilateral pulmonary infiltrates in an 11-year-old with acute lymphocytic leukemia. Is a chance to cut really a chance to cure? Medical Decision Making 1983;3(2):247-69.

Moroff SV, Pauker SG. What to do when the patient outlives the literature, or DEALE-ing with a full deck. Medical Decision Making 1983;3(3):313-38.

Beck JR, Pauker SG. The Markov process in medical prognosis. Medical Decision Making 1983;3(4):419-58.

Beck JR, Kassirer JP, Pauker SG. A convenient approximation of life expectancy (the "DEALE"). I. Validation of the method. American Journal of Medicine 1982;73(6):883-8.

Beck JR, Pauker SG, Gottlieb JE, Klein K, Kassirer JP. A convenient approximation of life expectancy (the "DEALE"). II. Use in medical decision-making. American Journal of Medicine 1982;73(6):889-97.

Kassirer JP, Kuipers BJ, Gorry GA. Toward a theory of clinical expertise. American Journal of Medicine 1982;73(2):251-9.

Avitall B, Levine HJ, Naimi S, Donahue RP, Pauker SG, Adam D. Local effects of electrical and mechanical stimulation on the recovery properties of the canine ventricle. American Journal of Cardiology 1982;50(2):263-70.

McNeil BJ, Pauker SG, Sox HC, Jr., Tversky A. On the elicitation of preferences for alternative therapies. New England Journal of Medicine 1982;306(21):1259-62.

Leonidas JC, Ting W, Binkiewicz A, Vaz R, Scott RM, Pauker SG. Mild head trauma in children: When is a roentgenogram Necessary. Pediatrics 1982;69(2):139-43.

Kassirer JP. Life expectancy in patients with kidney disease. Transactions of the Association of Life Insurance Medical Directors of America 1982;65:43-62.

Beck JR, Sackel SG, Pauker SG. Elective surgery in the setting of comorbid anesthesia risk. Timing of cholecystectomy in a patient with Graves' disease and hepatitis. Medical Decision Making 1982;2(1):97-115.

Doubilet P, Donowitz M, Pauker SG. Evaluation for colon cancer in patients with occult fecal blood loss while taking aspirin: a Bayesian viewpoint. Medical Decision Making 1982;2(2):147-60.

Chase BA, Pauker SG. Recurrent endocarditis in a patient with a permanent transvenous pacemaker. Medical Decision Making 1982;2(2):225-44.

Klein K, Pauker SG. Recurrent deep venous thrombosis in pregnancy. Medical Decision Making 1982;2(2):249-51.

Cormier RE, Chase BA, Peterson GS, Pauker SG. Abdominal pain, atherosclerosis, and atrial fibrillation. The case for mesenteric ischemia. Medical Decision Making 1982;2(3):323-39.

Lau J, Levey AS, Kassirer JP, Pauker SG. Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in a 53-year-old woman. Is a kidney biopsy necessary? Medical Decision Making 1982;2(4):497-519.

Kassirer JP, Pauker SG. The toss-up. New England Journal of Medicine 1981;305(24):1467-9.

Pauker SG, Kassirer JP. Clinical decision analysis by personal computer. Archives of Internal Medicine 1981;141(13):1831-7.

McNeil BJ, Weichselbaum R, Pauker SG. Speech and survival: tradeoffs between quality and quantity of life in laryngeal cancer. New England Journal of Medicine 1981;305(17):982-7.

Schwartz WB, Wolfe HJ, Pauker SG. Pathology and probabilities: a new approach to interpreting and reporting biopsies. New England Journal of Medicine 1981;305(16):917-23.

Pauker SG, McNeil BJ. Impact of patient preferences on the selection of therapy. Journal of Chronic Diseases 1981;34(2-3):77-86.

Gottlieb JE, Pauker SG. Whether or not to administer Amphotericin to an immunosuppressed patient with hematologic malignancy and undiagnosed fever. Medical Decision Making 1981;1(1):74-93.

Pauker SG, Pauker SP, McNeil BJ. The effect of private attitudes on public policy. Prenatal screening for neural tube defects as a prototype. Medical Decision Making 1981;1(2):103-14.

Klein K, Pauker SG. Recurrent deep venous thrombosis in pregnancy. Analysis of the risks and benefits of anticoagulation. Medical Decision Making 1981;1(2):181-202.

Beck JR, Pauker SG. Anticoagulation and atrial fibrillation in the bradycardia-tachycardia syndrome. Medical Decision Making 1981;1(3):285-301.

Beck JR, Plante DA, Pauker SG. A 65-year-old Chinese woman with lymphadenopathy and progressive pulmonary infiltrates. One million Chinese women can't all have tuberculosis. Medical Decision Making 1981;1(4):391-414.

O'Donnell TF, Jr., Gembarowicz RM, Callow AD, Pauker SG, Kelly JJ, Deterling RA. The economic impact of acute variceal bleeding: cost-effectiveness implications for medical and surgical therapy. Surgery 1980;88(5):693-701.

Pauker SG, Kassirer JP. The threshold approach to clinical decision making. New England Journal of Medicine 1980;302(20):1109-17.

Barza M, Pauker SG. The decision to biopsy, treat, or wait in suspected herpes encephalitis. Annals of Internal Medicine 1980;92(5):641-9.

O'Donnell TF, Jr., Pauker SG, Callow AD, Kelly JJ, McBride KJ, Korwin S. The relative value of carotid noninvasive testing as determined by receiver operator characteristic curves. Surgery 1980;87(1):9-19.

Pauker SG, Avitall B, Levine HJ, Naimi S. The rapid generation of strength-interval curves under computer control. Computer Programs in Biomedicine 1979;10(3):209-17.

Gorry GA, Kassirer JP, Fineberg HV, Pauker SG, Elstein AS, Peirce JC. Symposium: The role of decision analysis in medical education and practice. Annual Conference on Research in Medical Education 1979;18:427-37.

McNeil BJ, Pauker SG. The patient's role in assessing the value of diagnostic tests. Radiology 1979;132(3):605-10.

McNeil BJ, Weichselbaum R, Pauker SG. Preferences of patients and the fallacy of the five-year survival. New England Journal of Medicine 1979;300(16):928.

Pauker SP, Pauker SG. The amniocentesis decision: an explicit guide for parents. Birth Defects: Original Article Series 1979;15(5C):289-324.

McNeil BJ, Weichselbaum R, Pauker SG. Fallacy of the five-year survival in lung cancer. New England Journal of Medicine 1978;299(25):1397-401.

Kassirer JP, Pauker SG. Should diagnostic testing be regulated? New England Journal of Medicine 1978;299(17):947-9.

Pauker SG, Kassirer JP. Clinical application of decision analysis: a detailed illustration. Seminars in Nuclear Medicine 1978;8(4):324-35.

Kassirer JP, Gorry GA. Clinical problem solving: a behavioral analysis. Annals of Internal Medicine 1978;89(2):245-55.

Gorry GA, Pauker SG, Schwartz WB. The diagnostic importance of the normal finding. New England Journal of Medicine 1978;298(9):486-9.

Gorry GA, Silverman H, Pauker SG. Capturing clinical expertise. A computer program that considers clinical responses to digitalis. American Journal of Medicine 1978;64(3):452-60.

Pauker SP, Pauker SG. Prenatal diagnosis: a directive approach to genetic counseling using decision analysis. Yale Journal of Biology & Medicine 1977;50(3):275-89.

Pauker SG. Surgical therapy for coronary artery disease: Caveat emptor. American Heart Journal 1977;93(5):543-6.

Pauker SG. Letter: The diagnostic use of clinical findings. JAMA 1976;236(7):819.

Pauker SG. Coronary artery surgery: the use of decision analysis. Annals of Internal Medicine 1976;85(1):8-18.

Pauker SG, Gorry GA, Kassirer JP, Schwartz WB. Towards the simulation of clinical cognition. Taking a present illness by computer. American Journal of Medicine 1976;60(7):981-96.

Kassirer JP. The principles of clinical decision making: an introduction to decision analysis. Yale Journal of Biology & Medicine 1976;49(2):149-64.

Pauker SG. Editorial: Coronary surgery: when, where and for whom? New England Journal of Medicine 1975;293(26):1369-70.

Pauker SG, Kassirer JP. Therapeutic decision making: a cost-benefit analysis. New England Journal of Medicine 1975;293(5):229-34.

Schwartz WB, Gorry GA, Kassirer JP, Essig A. Decision analysis and clinical judgment. American Journal of Medicine 1973;55(3):459-72.

Gorry GA, Kassirer JP, Essig A, Schwartz WB. Decision analysis as the basis for computer-aided management of acute renal failure. American Journal of Medicine 1973;55(3):473-84.