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The Department of Otolaryngology offers a postgraduate residency training program in Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. The program is dedicated to the training for clinical and academic careers involving disorders of the head and neck. Clinical and administrative responsibilities are progressively advanced throughout the post-graduate years.
Applications for the residency program are accepted through ERAS
Miriam O'Leary, MD, FACS
Residency Program Director
Veronica Carvajal, BS
Residency Program Coordinator
Two residents are selected each year for a five-year commitment.
The clinical progress of each resident is monitored through individual evaluations from both instructors and senior residents following each rotation. Residents are also expected to maintain a daily surgical log through the ACGME Resident Case Log System.
PGY-1 – Six months General Surgery Internship/Six months Otolaryngology Internship
Each year, two residents join the training program through the American Academy of Otolaryngology- Head and Neck Surgery matching system (administered through NRMP). During the internship year, residents will spend a total of six months with the Tufts Medical Center Department of Surgery on general surgery, SICU, and neurosurgery rotations; they will also spend a total of six months on otolaryngology rotations. In-house call as an intern is approximately one night in four, depending on the specific rotation.
During the surgical internship, the resident is expected to become proficient in inpatient service management and the coordination of outpatient care. They are also expected to acquire practical experience in level-appropriate surgical cases under attending supervision.
PGY-2 – Junior ENT Resident
The PGY-2 resident divides their time between the Otolaryngology services at Tufts Medical Center and Rhode Island Hospital/Hasbro Children's Hospital. Each block is two months long, allowing early exposure to the diverse practice of Otolaryngology.
The resident is responsible for the initial evaluation and treatment of patients under the guidance of upper level residents and attending staff. Operative experience includes pediatric endoscopy, foreign body management, myringotomy and pressure equalization tube placement, tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy.
Additionally, the PGY-2 resident gains experience in adult endoscopy, endoscopic sinus surgery, excisional biopsies, treatment of neck abscesses, and submaxillary gland excisions. The resident will also be involved in level-appropriate otologic surgery such as tympanoplasty and mastoid procedures.
PGY-3 - Mid-Level ENT Resident
Residents in this year will have a three-month rotation block at the Boston Children's Hospital, and two three-month blocks at Tufts Medical Center. In addition, they will have three months of protected research time.
The three-month research elective is a period during which the resident is expected to focus on a specific research endeavor. Many clinical and basic science research opportunities exist at Tufts Medical Center for development of a resident research project. The resident is expected to plan for this elective prior to beginning the research to optimize his/her time.
PGY-4 - Senior ENT Resident
This year includes four three-month rotation blocks. The rotations are divided as two blocks at the Tufts Medical Center, one block at the ENT Specialists group, and one block at Rhode Island Hospital/Hasbro Children's Hospital (RIH/HCH).
The PGY-4 resident will participate in the full spectrum of otolaryngologic procedures. They will be expected to demonstrate a leadership role in the house-staff team by coordinating the consult service and the on-call schedule. Additionally, the senior resident plays a large role in the education of medical students and junior residents.
While at Tufts Medical Center, the senior resident gains a rich experience operating with the attending staff during advanced otolaryngologic procedures. The resident is encouraged to assume additional responsibility both within the operating room and in the outpatient clinic. A healthy balance is always maintained between autonomy and attending supervision, which maximizes patient care and resident self-confidence. Call duties at Tufts Medical Center are approximately 1 in 3 from home.
While on rotation at RIH/HCH, the senior serves as the acting chief resident of the service. It is an opportunity for the resident to be active in the more complex otolaryngologic problems and prepare for the upcoming chief year.
PGY-5 - Chief Resident
The chief resident divides the year between two three-month blocks at Tufts Medical Center and one three-month block at both RIH/HCH and ENT Specialists. They are expected to be able to lead the house staff in all daily activities and to become comfortable with the highest level ENT cases. There are no first on-call responsibilities for the chief resident at Tufts Medical Center. The on-call duties of the chief resident are to provide back-up to the junior residents on-call. At RIH/HCH the chief takes about 1 in 4 call from home and every other weekend call from home while on the ENT Specialists rotation.
The chief resident plays a major role in skull base surgery, neurotologic cases, plastic and reconstructive procedures, advanced paranasal and sinus techniques, and free tissue transfer. The goal is to allow the chief to make a smooth transition to the next level as a fellow or attending staff.
The attending staff is committed to assisting the chief in selecting and achieving future career goals. Program Chair, Elie Rebeiz, MD, has set the tone for support of the residents’ career decisions so that they will be successful in whatever they may choose. The ENT residents at Tufts Medical Center know that they will remain proud of their academic heritage throughout their careers in otolaryngology/head and neck surgery.
A continuous annual didactic program is an integral part of the training program. The didactics are conducted in concert with the Boston University Otolaryngology Program
Boston Children's Hospital
Boston Children's Hospital is a premier tertiary referral center for pediatric care. The Tufts MC otolaryngology resident works alongside residents from the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and Boston University Otolaryngology Programs. During this rotation, residents have the opportunity to practice and learn from internationally-renowned pediatric otolaryngologists. The rotation provides a rich experience in the variety of pediatric otolaryngology and head and neck surgery problems. Call responsibilities are 1:4, in house.
ENT Specialists Group
At the ENT Specialists Group, residents are exposed to an active private otolaryngology practice. This provides an appreciation of the interaction between private practitioners in otolaryngology and community and nearby academic institutions. The exposure helps in giving the house officer more information concerning his/her potential future career and eventual decision concerning private practice versus academic medicine. Furthermore, the surgical experience is considerable in both volume and diversity. The resident achieves additional autonomy in both inpatient and outpatient settings. The resident is on-call from home for two weekends a month; there is no weekday call.
Rhode Island Hospital/Hasbro Children’s Hospital
Our residents rotate in Providence, RI, where they care for patients primarily at Rhode Island Hospital & Hasbro Children’s Hospital and also at Women & Infants Hospital. All 3 institutions are regional tertiary care referral centers. There are 2-3 residents rotating at a time who work closely with 3 dedicated Otolaryngology PAs, medical students from Alpert Medical School of Brown University, and PA students from Bryant University. During this rotation, residents have the opportunity to work with general otolaryngologists, fellowship-trained subspecialists and Oromaxillofacial Surgeons. In addition to inpatient and OR duties, the residents run several outpatient clinics (General, Otology, Head & Neck, Pediatric) 2-3 afternoons each week. Home-call is taken from a provided apartment on Providence’s East side (5 mins from the hospitals).
Tufts Medical Center
Tufts Medical Center is the primary teaching hospital for the residency program. Tufts Medical Center consists of an adult hospital of 415 beds and a pediatric hospital (Floating Hospital for Children) of 128 beds. In this capacity it serves as a major tertiary care referral center for Rhode Island, Maine, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and New Hampshire. Call duties are from home.
Weekly Conference Schedule:
7:00-8:00 a.m. Journal Club / Maxillofacial Trauma Conference / In-Service Review
7:00-7:30 a.m. Inpatient walk rounds/chalk talks with attendings
7:30-8:00 a.m. Mock oral board exam: Attending vs. Resident
8:00-9:00 a.m. Head & Neck Radiology Conference
1:00-2:00 p.m. Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Tumor Conference
1:00-2:00 p.m. Audiology/SLP lectures (PGY-2 residents only)
2:30-3:30 p.m. Resident Chapter Review
4:00-6:00 p.m. Didactic Series Lectures (with residents from the Boston University Otolaryngology Residency Program)
Introduction to Otolaryngology/Crash Course
Didactic Series Course
Anatomy and Temporal Bone Dissection Course
Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology Course
Introduction to Otolaryngology/Crash Course (held in conjunction with the BU Otolaryngology Residency Program)
Junior residents are provided with an intensive course on the fundamentals of otolaryngology during the first week of their PGY2 year. There are a total of fifteen topics including the management of trauma, epistaxis, airway obstruction, and advanced examination skills. The course meets for three hours a day and has been highly regarded by the junior residents.
Didactic Series Course (held in conjunction with the BU Otolaryngology Residency Program)
The Tufts and BU residents are provided a year-long schedule of lectures every Wednesday on both clinical and basic science topics including: head and neck cancer, otology, plastics/trauma, laryngology, peds, and rhinology. There are also lecture sessions leading up to the in-service exam date dedicated to reviewing applicable topics.
Anatomy and Temporal Bone Dissection Course (held in conjunction with the BU Otolaryngology Residency Program)
The Anatomy and Temporal Bone Dissection labs begin in December. They take place for 3 hours on Wednesdays, and generally run through the end of January. Temporal Bone (TB) lab is held at the Boston Medical Center campus and the Gross Anatomy (GA) lab is held at the Tufts University School of Medicine campus. Residents are assigned to a group for the entire course and the groups alternate attending either TB or GA lab each week. Each lab is further split into junior and senior resident labs to ensure that all participants are able to maximally benefit from the course and receive individualized attention.
Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology Course
The junior residents are expected to attend an audiology lecture series provided by the Tufts Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology. These lectures meet throughout the academic year for one hour/week. The topics covered include: the physics of sound, tympanometry, otoacoustic emissions, ABR testing, evaluation of dysphagia and other pertinent topics to speech-language pathology and audiology.
On selected Wednesdays, the Department of Otolaryngology conducts departmental Grand Rounds. Speakers include distinguished leaders in the field of Otolaryngology as well as those in related specialties. Residents also present at Clinical Pathologic Conference (CPC) to discuss areas of interest within Otolaryngology. The quarterly Morbidity and Mortality conference is conducted during this time at the conclusion of each quarter.
Visiting Professor Series
Esteemed colleagues in the field of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery are regularly invited for lectures. This lecture series is held in conjunction with the Boston University Otolaryngology Program and is dedicated to allow for the residents to learn from and meet the leaders in the respective fields of Otolaryngology.
Back Row from L to R: Dr. Richard Wein, Dr. Andrew Scott, Dr. Jonathon Sillman, Dr. Arnold Lee
Front Row from L to R: Dr. Miriam O’Leary, Dr. Elie Rebeiz, Dr. Mark Vecchiotti
Not pictured: Dr. Tiffiny Hron, Dr. Kathryn Noonan, Dr. Alexander Marston
Elie Rebeiz, MD, FACS
Miriam A. O'Leary, MD, FACS
Residency Program Director
Head & Neck Surgery
Veronica Carvajal, BS
Other Tufts Medical Center ENT faculty include:
Arnold Lee, MD – Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery
Andrew Scott, MD- Pediatric Otolaryngology
Jonathan Sillman, MD – Otology-Neurotology
Mark Vecchiotti, MD – Pediatric Otolaryngology
Richard Wein, MD – Head & Neck Surgery
Tiffiny Hron, MD - Laryngology
Kathryn Noonan, MD - Otology-Neurotology
Alexander Marston, MD - Pediatric Otolaryngology
The faculty of Boston Children's Hospital includes:
Eelam Adil, MD
Jennifer Brooks, MD
Jacob Brodsky, MD
Sukgi Choi, MD
Michael Cunningham, MD
Anne Hseu, MD
Margaret A. Kenna, MD
Gi-Soo Lee, MD
Greg Licameli, MD
Roger Nuss, MD
Laurie Ohlms, MD
Dennis Poe, MD
Reza Rahbar, MD
Mark Volk, MD
Karen Watters, MD
Kenneth Whittemore, MD
The faculty of ENT Specialists, Inc. includes:
Seema Byahatti, MD
Walid Dagher, MD
Jagdish Dhingra, MD
Douglas O'Brien, MD
Pratik Pradhan, MD
Russell Shu, MD
H. Dennis Snyder, MD
Ameer Shah, MD
Kimberly Russell, MD
The faculty of Rhode Island Hospital/Hasbro Children’s Hospital includes:
Andrew Burchard, MD
Thomas DellaTorre, MD
Brian Duff, MD
Martin Elson, DMD
Sharon Gibson, MD
Frederick Godley, MD
Ritu Goel, MD
Jan Groblewski, MD
Robert McRae, MD
Martin Papazian, MD
Robert Risica, MD
Charles Ruhl, MD
John Tarro, MD
Douglas Emery, MD
David Bick MD
Zachary Quay-de la Vallee, MD
The Tufts Medical Center Otolaryngology- Head & Neck Surgery Residency Program utilizes the ERAS application process and participates in the NRMP match. Each year, two residents are accepted into the five-year program.
Our program begins reviewing applications in October of each year and issues invitations on a rolling basis shortly thereafter. Interviews are generally held on two dates in December. For more information please contact:
Veronica Carvajal, BS
Residency Program Coordinator
Samih Nassif, MD
Education: Boston University School of Medicine
Michelle White, MD
Education: Drexel University College of Medicine
Tania Hassanzadeh, MD
Education: University of Arizona College of Medicine
Christopher Mark Shumrick, MD
Education: University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
Ramya Bharathi, MD
Education: Saint Louis University School of Medicine
Emily Gall, MD
Education: Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Compton R and Scott AR. Endoscopic Management of a Red, Flavorful Foreign Body, presented as a poster presentation at the 98th Annual Meeting of the American Broncho-Esophagological Association, Oxon Hill, MD, April 18-20, 2018.
Haser E and Scott AR. Management of auricular dog bites in children. Presented as a poster presentation at AOS annual meeting at COSM, Oxon Hill, MD, April 2018.
Simmonds JC, Hollis R, Tamberino RK, Vecchiotti M, Scott AR. 2019. Comparing the real and perceived cost of adenotonsillectomy using Time-Driven Activity-Based Costing (TDABC). The Laryngoscope 129, pp.1347-1353
Simmonds JC, Jabbour J, Vaughn JA, Paulson VA, Poe DS, Rahbar R. 2018. Hairy polyps: a new case presentation and a pathogenetic hypothesis. The Laryngoscope. Epub ahead of print.
Simmonds JC, Tuomi A, Groblewski JC. 2018. High rates of subglottic stenosis seen in African-American children admitted with severe croup to hospitals in the United States between 2003-2013. Respiratory Medicine, 143, pp.56 - 60.
Harb Jennifer Radiology Quiz- Newborn with a sublingual mass, JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Harb Jennifer Submitted Best Practices: What's the optimal management of pediatric nontuberculous mycobacterial cervicofacial lymphadenitis?
Compton Rebecca, Neuroimmune mediators of nasal polyposis; research block project, will work on during vacation; ($5000 grant from NEOS; accepted as AAO-HNS oral presentation)
Compton Rebecca Facelift incision for pediatric NTML (first place poster at Trio Sections 2019)
Compton Rebecca Best practices for pediatric NTML
Compton Rebecca Comparing Furlow palatoplasty to other methods of cleft palate repair in terms of immediate post-op course
Compton Rebecca Case series of sinonasal lymphoma
Compton Rebecca The Safety of Total Thyroidectomy as an Ambulatory Surgery in Community Practice (oral presentation accepted to AAO-HNS 2019 meeting)
Compton Rebecca A Laryngeal Manifestation of Herpes Simplex Virus (poster presentation accepted to AAO-HNS 2019 meeting)
Compton Rebecca Transpalatal Approach to Repair of Bilateral Choanal Atresia in a Child with Craniofacial and Skull Base Anomalies: Revisiting an Historic Technique (poster presentation at Triological COSM 2019)
Li L, Black K, White M, Zalzal G, Preciado D. An evaluation of arytenoid prolapse following laryngotracheal reconstruction. Laryngoscope. 2019 Mar 5. doi: 10.1002/lary.27864. [Epub ahead of print]
Krane NA, McKinnon B, White M, Ashak D, Chang EL, Park D, Segar S, Jayakumaran J, Grayhack C, Sataloff RT. The clinical value of a thorough diagnostic evaluation for neurotologic complaints. Am J Otolaryngol. 2019 Jan - Feb;40(1):16-21. doi: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2018.09.009. Epub 2018 Sep 14.
1. Simmonds JC, Dhingra J. Comparison of genomic classifier testing in indeterminate thyroid nodules. AAO-HNSF Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, September 15 - 18th 2019.
2. Nyirjesy S, Papazian M, Groblewski, J, Simmonds JC. Pathogens Causing Acute Otitis Media and Rates of Complications. AAO-HNSF Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, September 15 - 18th 2019.
3. Simmonds JC, Rebeiz EE. Analysis of Pathogenic Bacteria and Complication Rates in Acute Sinusitis: A Nationwide Inpatient Study. Triological Society’s 122st Annual Meeting, COSM, Austin, TX May 3-4th, 2019
4. Simmonds JC, Monroe DM, Sillman JS. Utility of Inpatient Imaging during the Workup for Vertigo: A Nationwide Analysis. Triological Society’s 122st Annual Meeting, COSM, Austin, TX May 3-4th, 2019
5. Compton RA, Scagnelli RJ, Simmonds JC, Scott AR. Transpalatal Approach to Repair of Bilateral Choanal Atresia in a Child with Craniofacial and Skull Base Anomalies: Revisiting an Historic Technique. Triological Society’s 122st Annual Meeting, COSM, Austin, TX May 3-4th, 2019
6. Harb JL, Simmonds JC, Roberts C, Scott AR. Regional variations in the timing of cleft palate repair in patients with Pierre Robin sequence. 12th International Symposium of Facial Plastic Surgery, Dallas, TX, October 15 - 18th 2018
7. Simmonds JC, Gutierrez AM, Shah A, O'Leary M, Scott AR. Partial cricotracheal resection with costal cartilage reconstruction for recurrent metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma. AAO-HNSF Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, October 7 - 10th 2018.
8. Simmonds JC, Dhingra J. Double-blinded prospective randomized study comparing 25-gauge and 27-gauge needles for biopsy of thyroid nodules. AAO-HNSF Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, October 7 - 10th 2018.
9. DeGiovanni JC, Simmonds JC, Lee AS. Recurrent angiolipoma of the lip: case report and review of literature. AAO-HNSF Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA, October 7 - 10th 2018.
10. Harb Jennifer. Regional variations in the timing of cleft palate repair in patients with Pierre Robin Sequence - International Symposium of Facial Plastic Surgery
• Nizar Taki, MD, Facial Plastic Surgery Fellowship, Toronto, ON
• Christopher Tsang, MD, Pediatric Otolaryngology Fellowship, Wilmington, DE
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