If you have been diagnosed with GERD, gastroesophageal reflux disease, you are all too familiar with the irritation and pain it can cause. If medications have failed to control the symptoms, or if you want a more permanent solution, surgery may be the best alternative.
When heartburn becomes a serious health concern
GERD occurs when a ring of muscles known as the lower esophageal sphincter, or LES, weakens and becomes ineffective. Normally when we eat this ring of muscles acts as a one-way valve allowing food to move from your esophagus into your stomach.
It is not unusual for the LES to malfunction and allow stomach acid into esophagus. This refulx can happen when you eat too much and may cause the painful sensation known as heartburn.. When this happens often, however, it is an indication that the LES is no longer working properly. If the result is damage to the esophagus, throat or respiratory tract, it is labeled as GERD, which affects 20% of the population in the United States.
In many cases, GERD can be effectively treated with medication that neutralizes the stomach acids. For those who have found that the medication is ineffective or who do not want to continue taking it daily, surgery may provide a solution.
After an initial diagnosis of GERD, several tests may be done to confirm the diagnosis and exclude other disorders. These tests include:
- An Upper GI Series: a series of x-rays of the upper digestive system are taken after the patient drinks a barium solution
- 24-hour pH Monitoring: a probe is placed in the esophagus to track the level of acidity in the lower esophagus.
- Manometry: a measurement of muscle pressure in the lower esophagus.
- Endoscopy: a thin, lighted tube with a tiny camera attached is passed down the throat to examine the esophagus and stomach.
Surgical options for GERD
To help reduce GERD symptoms, the surgeons at Tufts Medical Center use a minimally invasive technique called laparoscopy. Small incisions are made that allow us to insert instruments and cameras to guide them.
During the 2-hour procedure, called a Nissen fundoplication, we wrap a part of the stomach around both sides of the esophagus and suture it in place. This restores normal pressure to the LES. Patients generally remain in the hospital for just one night. After a few weeks on a liquid diet, patients are able to eat normally without the pain or discomfort of GERD.
At Tufts Medical Center, you will be cared for by nurses and doctors who specialize in GERD and who understand how disruptive this disease can be. We will quickly schedule your first appointment, often within days, so we can begin testing and set up a treatment plan.
Although GERD is not life-threatening, it can cause intense pain, interfere with eating, inflame the esophagus or cause scarring of the esophagus. Common symptoms include:
- Recurring heartburn, especially after meals
- Hoarseness or sore throat
- Chronic dry cough, especially at night
- A feeling of a lump in your throat
- Bad breath
- Chest pain or discomfort
It is possible, however, to have GERD without noticeable symptoms.
At Tufts Medical Center’s GERD Program, we work closely with referring physicians to ensure a strong level of continuity for patients. We will work with you to obtain their records and send our results and recommendations.
We are able to set up appointments to see patients quickly, often within days of the referral. We also set up treatment as soon as possible after obtaining a diagnosis.
To make an appointment, please call 617-636-5589.